Which factors that influence fatigue strength of a component or detail?
12 Sep '18, 13:57
Fatigue strength of metal components determined by:
When a material has a 'coarse grain' it has 'poorer' fatigue resistance than when it has a fine grain.
A fatigue crack often starts some point of stress concentration and so stress rising features such as an abrupt change of section e.g. sharp corners, keyways, etc., should be avoided if possible.
Tooling marks act as stress raisers and so the fatigue resistance of a component can be improved by polishing etc.
Stressed produced by the machining operations will affect the fatigue resistance of a component. Tensile Stresses 'reduce' the resistance. Compressive Stresses 'improve' the resistance.
Corrosion produces a pitted surface and so introduces stress raisers. The fatigue strength of a component is reduced very considerably by corrosion.
At high-temperature materials tend to lose their strength and also suffer 'grain growth' and so fatigue strength falls when the temperature is high.
The term 'Creep' is used to describe the 'slow plastic deformation' that occurs under prolonged loading, usually at high temperatures.
12 Sep '18, 14:00