What are requirements to be followed regarding Ballast Water Management?
13 Dec '18, 12:12
The International Convention for the Control and Management of Ships' Ballast Water and Sediments entered into force on 8 September 2017 and requires all ships to implement a ballast water and sediments management plan. The IMO has published 'Guidelines for the Control and Management of Ships Ballast Water to Minimise the Transfer of Harmful Aquatic Organisms and Pathogens' - (IMO Resolution A.868 (20)).
All ships (i.e. vessels of any type operating in the aquatic environment, including submersibles, floating craft, floating platforms, floating storage units (FSUs) and floating production, storage and offloading (FPSO) units) are required to:
- have an approved ballast water management plan on board
- maintain a ballast water record book
- manage their ballast water on every voyage by performing ballast water exchange (or by treating it using an approved ballast water treatment system)
- undertake an initial survey and be issued with an International Ballast Water Management Certificate (for ships of 400 gross tonnage and above to which the Convention applies, excluding floating platforms, FSUs and FPSOs).
Ships that are registered with flag administrations that are not yet a party to the Convention will need to demonstrate compliance and may wish to undergo surveys and be issued with a document of compliance. A treatment system is required to be fitted to vessels that carry out an IOPP renewal survey on or after 8 September 2017, and that have already passed their 2017 delivery date anniversary. The IOPP renewal survey refers to the renewal survey associated with the IOPP Certificate required under MARPOL Annex I.
The Convention does not normally apply to:
- ships not carrying ballast water
- domestic ships
- ships that only operate in waters under the jurisdiction of one party and on the high seas
- warships, naval auxiliary or other ships owned or operated by a state
- permanent ballast water in sealed tanks on ships, which is not subject to discharge.
Additionally, under certain circumstances, flag administrations may issue exemptions from the Convention requirements for: - ships engaged on occasional or one-off voyages between specified ports or locations - ships that operate exclusively between specified ports or locations.
13 Dec '18, 12:18