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A government official residing in a foreign country who represents the interests of her or his country and its nationals.



Related Terms

BILL OF HEALTH

The Bill of Health is the certificate issued by local medical authorities indicating the general health conditions in the port of departure or in the ports of call. The Bill of Health must have been advised before departure by the Consul of the country of destination. When a vessel has free pratique, this means that the vessel has a clean Bill of Health certifying that there is no question of contagious disease and that all quarantine regulations have been complied with, so that people may embark and disembark.

CONSULAR DECLARATION

A formal statement describing goods to be shipped; filed.with and approved by the consul of the country of destination prior to shipment.

CONSULAR VISA

An official signature or seal af fixed to certain documents by the consul of the country of destination.

DISTINGUISHING MARK

A flag flown to distinguish ships of one seagoing service of a given country from ships of the country's other seagoing service(s) when ships of more than one of the country's seagoing services fly the same ensign.

HOME TRADE VESSEL

A vessel engaged in trade between a country and the ports of a neighboring country within geographical limits determined by national law.

FREE TRADE ZONE

A zone, often within a port (but not always), designated by the government of a country for duty-free entry of any nonprohibited goods. Merchandise may be stored, displayed, or used for manufacturing within the zone and reexported without duties being applied. Also referred to as free port.

TERRITORIAL WATERS

That portion of the sea up to a limited instance which is immediately adjacent to the shores of any country and over which the sovereignty and exclusive jurisdiction of that country extend.

ADVISING BANK

A bank operating in the seller's country that handles letters of credit on behalf of a foreign bank.

FLAGS OF CONVENIENCE

The registration of ships in a country that offer favourable tax structures and regulations; also the flag representing the nation under whose jurisdiction a ship is registered. Ships are always registered under the laws of one nation but are not always required to establish their home location in that country. FOC states often offer low tax rates and their requirements concerning manning or maintenance are not stringent. The term always denotes registration of vessels in foreign nations.

FLAG OF CONVENIENCE

Flags of nations which offer favorable tax structures and regulations. Ships registering under the laws of these nations are not always required to establish their home location in that country.

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