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A U.S. cargo security program whereby containerized cargoes destined for the United States may be inspected on a selective basis at many foreign ports before loading on a vessel. As of October 2007, there were 51 approved ports. A multinational program, aligned with the President's 'Strategy for Homeland Security', that extends the United States' zone of security by prescreening containers that pose a potential security risk before they leave foreign ports for U.S. seaports.



Related Terms

CSI

Container Security Initiative - a U.S. cargo security program whereby containerized cargoes destined for the United States may be inspected on a selective basis at many foreign ports before loading on a vessel. As of October 2007, there were 51 approved ports. A multinational program, aligned with the President's 'Strategy for Homeland Security', that extends the United States' zone of security by prescreening containers that pose a potential security risk before they leave foreign ports for U.S. seaports.

LOADING OVERALL

The loading of liquid cargo or ballast 'over the top' through an open ended pipe or hose through a hatch or deck opening. Not a preferred method and may be illegal on some vessels in some areas depending on the cargo.

CUTOFF TIME

The latest time cargo may be delivered to a terminal for loading to a scheduled train or ship.

SHIPPER'S INSTRUCTIONS

Shipper's communication(s) to its agent and/or directly to the international watercarrier. Instructions may be varied, e.g., specific details/clauses to be printed on the B/L, directions for cargo pickup and delivery.

VESSEL LOAD FREE OUT

(VLFO) - The loading and discharge terms for the cargo to be shipped, as agreed to in the charterer party. The vessel (carrier) pays for the loading of the cargo on board the ship and the receiver pays for the discharge of the cargo from the ship to the pier.

LOADING ORDERS

Sometimes also known as the loading plan, these orders are issued usually by the vessel's chief officer and specify the loading quantity, rate, tank sequence, and any other special requirements for loading a particular cargo safely.

SPOT VOYAGE

A charter for a particular vessel to move a single cargo between specified loading port(s) and discharge port(s) in the immediate future. Contract rate (spot rate) covers total operating expenses, i.e., bunkers, port charges, canal tolls, crew's wages and food, insurance and repairs. Cargo owner absorbs, in addition, any expenses specifically levied against the cargo.

VERY LARGE CRUDE CARRIER

(VLCC) - a vessel designed for the carriage of liquid cargo in bulk with a loading capacity from 160,000 till 300,000 DWT.

PEROXIDE

A compound formed by the chemical combination of cargo liquid or vapor with atmospheric oxygen or oxygen from another source. In some cases these compounds may be highly reactive or unstable and a potential hazard.

TRANSHIPMENT

Process of transferring cargo from one mode of shipment to another to effect delivery of the merchandise. This may involve several modes such as vessel, rail, truck, barge, etc.. Also spoken of a cargo which will be delivered via multi-transport modes.

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