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All countries require that the importer make a declaration on incoming foreign goods. The importer then normally pays a duty on the imported merchandise. The importer's statement is compared against the carrier's vessel manifest to ensure that all foreign goods are properly declared.



Related Terms

REFRIGERATED VESSEL

A vessel designed specifically for the carriage of chilled or frozen goods usually break bulk or unitized on pallets, such as eggs, fruits, meats, etc.

NET TONS

The interior volume of a vessel excluding the engine spaces, accommodation, or other enclosed deck space not used for the carriage of goods divided by 100 cu ft

WAREHOUSE ENTRY

Document that identifies goods imported when placed in a bonded warehouse. The duty is not imposed on the products while in the warehouse but will be collected when they are withdrawn for delivery or consumption.

SHORE LEAVE

A free time given to officers and crew of a naval vessel when they are off duty and allowed to disembark and spend time on land.

CLOSING DATE

the latest date for delivery of goods for shipment by the vessel in question.

BARRATRY

A crime by the master or mariners of a vessel contrary to their duty to the owners, whereby the latter sustain injury. It may include negligence, if so gross as to evidence fraud.

TRANSSHIPMENT (OF CARGO)

The transfer of goods from one vessel to another outside harbors

NON-VESSEL OPERATING COMMON CARRIER

(NVOCC) - a party who undertakes to carry goods and issues in his own name a Bill of Lading for such carriage, without having the availability of any own means of transport. This is accomplished usually by chartering blocks of space on other carrier's ships and then selling that space as would an vessel operating carrier.

HARMONIZED SYSTEM OF CODES (HS)

An international goods classification system for describing cargo in international trade under a single commoditycoding scheme. Developed under the auspices of the Customs Cooperations Council (CCC), an international Customs organization in Brussels, this code is a hierarchically structured product nomenclature containing approximately 5,000 headings and subheadings. It is organized into 99 chapters arranged in 22 sections. Sections encompass an industry (e.g., Section XI, Textiles and Textile Articles); chapters encompass the various materials and products of the industry (e.g., Chapter 50, Silk; Chapter 55, Manmade Staple Fibers; Chapter 57, Carpets). The basic code contains fourdigit headings and sixdigit subheadings. Many countries add digits for Customs tariff and statistical purposes. In the United States, duty rates will be the eightdigit level; statistical suf xes will be at the tendigit level. The Harmonized System (HS) is the current U.S. tariff schedule (TSUSA) for imports and is the basis for the tendigit Schedule B export code.

REEFER

A ship designed for carrying goods requiring refrigeration

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