The true expansion of a liquid with temperature, as calculated when the expansion of the container in which the volume of the liquid is measured is taken into account; in contrast with apparent expansion.



Related Terms

ARCOMETER

A device for determining the density of a liquid by measuring the apparent weight loss of a solid of known mass and volume when it is immersed in the liquid.

HOUR-GLASS EFFECT

A radarscope phenomenon which appears as a constriction or expansion of the display near the center of the plan position indicator, which can be caused by a nonlinear time base or the sweep plot starting on the radar indicator at the same instant as the transmission of the pulse. The phenomenon is most apparent when in narrow rivers or close to shore.

BALANCING RESERVOIR

A holding basin in which variation in flow and composition of a liquid are averaged. Such basins are used to provide a flow of reasonably uniform volume and composition to a treatment unit.

GAMMA-RAY LEVEL INDICATOR

A level indicator in which the rising level of the liquid or other material reduces the amount of radiation passing from a gamma-ray source through the container to a Geiger counter or other radiation detector.

ADJUTAGE

A tube attached to a container of liquid at an orifice to facilitate or regulate outflow.

COOLING METHOD

A method of determining the specific heat of a liquid in which the times taken by the liquid and an equal volume of water in an identical vessel to cool through the same range of temperature are compared.

BLOWING

The introduction of compressed air near the bottom of a tank or other container in order to agitate the liquid therein.

BARREL

A unit of liquid volume of petroleum oils equal to 42 U.S. gallons or approximately 35 Imperial gallons.

COEFFICIENT OF CUBICAL EXPANSION

The increment in volume of a unit volume of solid, liquid, or gas for a rise of temperature of 1 at constant pressure. Also known as coefficient of expansion; coefficient of thermal expansion; coefficient of volumetric expansion; expansion coefficient; expansivity.

CHEMICAL THERMOMETER

A filled-system temperature-measurement device in which gas or liquid enclosed within the device responds to heat by a volume change (rising or falling of mercury column) or by a pressure change (opening or closing of spiral coil).

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