Catalytic alkylation of aromatic hydrocarbons with olefins to produce alkylaromatics; for example, production of ethylbenzene from benzene and ethylene.


Related Terms

OXYL PROCESS

Modified FischerTropsch process used to make alcohols, other oxygenated compounds, paraffins, and olefin hydrocarbons from carbon monoxide and hydrogen.

ISOCRACKING

A hydrocracking process for conversion of hydrocarbons into more valuable, lower-boiling products; operates at relatively low temperatures and pressures in the presence of hydrogen and a catalyst.

HOUDRY BUTANE DEHYDROGENATION

A catalytic process for dehydrogenating light hydrocarbons from crude oil to their corresponding monoor diolefins; chromia-alumina catalysts with inert material are used in pellet form.

CATALYST

A substance which speeds a chemical action without undergoing a chemical change itself during the process. Now used in catalytic converters to control amount of unburned hydrocarbons and CO in automobile exhaust.

OIL

A greasy, unctuous liquid of vegetable, animal, mineral or synthetic origin. Hydrocarbons in the liquid state at the prevailing temperature and pressure conditions called.

HYDROCARBONS

Organic compounds containing only hydrogen and carbon atoms in various combinations.

HYDRATE

The compounds formed by the interaction of water and hydrocarbons at certain pressures and temperatures. They are crystalline substances.

HYDROCARBON GAS

A gas composed completely of hydrocarbons

HYDRATES

Compounds formed by the interaction of water and hydrocarbons at certain pressures and temperatures. These forms are crystalline substances.

PETROLEUM

A liquid mineral oil which has a color range from slightly yellow to black derived from liquid and solid hydrocarbons found naturally in the earth's strata and which can be refined into products ranging from asphalt, waxes, naphtha, kerosene, diesel, jet fuel, gasoline, solvents, chemicals, and natural gases.

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