Abrasive wear is caused by hard particles such as ash deposits, metallic particles or catalytic fines from the cracking process of the fuel oil. These hard grains wear down the surface of cylinder liners and rings by continuous ploughing and scratching.
With higher levels of abrasive wear, the surface displays vertical scratches, the size of which depends on the dimensions of the particles involved. These particles can also affect the sides of the rings as they jam in the ring groove, thereby causing "pitting" of the surface. Harmful particles normally enter the engine via the fuel and careful attention to the fuel cleaning system is therefore of utmost importance. abbrasive wear pic



Related Terms

GEARBOX

A system of gears which alter the ratio between the revolution of the engine and the propeller shaft so the propeller operates in a relatively efficient speed range. By using a gearbox the engine and the propeller shaft will revolve at different speeds.

DISTORTION

  1. Any undesired change in the waveform of an electric signal passing through a circuit or other transmission medium.
  2. In general, the extent to which a system fails to accurately reproduce the characteristics of an input signal at its output.
  3. Any undesired change in the waveform of a sound wave.

DEAD TIME

  1. The time interval between a change in the input signal to a process control system and the response to the signal.
  2. The time interval, after a response to one signal or event, during which a system is unable to respond to another. Also known as insensitive time.

POLE-POSITIONING

A design technique used in linear control theory in which many or all of a system's closed-loop poles are positioned as required, by proper choice of a linear state feedback law; if the system is controllable, all of the closed-loop poles can be arbitrarily positioned by this technique.

PNEUMATIC WEIGHING SYSTEM

A system for weight measurement in which the load is detected by a nozzle and balanced by modulating the air pressure in an opposing capsule.

PLENUM SYSTEM

A heating or air conditioning system in which air is forced through a plenum chamber for distribution to ducts.

PLANT DECOMPOSITION

The partitioning of a large-scale control system into subsystems along lines of weak interaction.

PIECEWISE LINEAR SYSTEM

A system for which one can divide the range of values of input quantities into a finite number of intervals such that the output quantity is a linear function of the input quantity within each of these intervals.

PHOTOELECTRICLOOPCONTROL

[CONTSYS] Aphotoelectric control system used as a position regulator for a loop of material passing from one stripprocessing line to another that may travel at a different speed. Also known as loop control.

PHOTOELECTRIC SORTER

A photoelectric control system used to sort objects according to color, size, shape, or other light-changing characteristics.

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