Abrasive wear is caused by hard particles such as ash deposits, metallic particles or catalytic fines from the cracking process of the fuel oil. These hard grains wear down the surface of cylinder liners and rings by continuous ploughing and scratching.
With higher levels of abrasive wear, the surface displays vertical scratches, the size of which depends on the dimensions of the particles involved. These particles can also affect the sides of the rings as they jam in the ring groove, thereby causing "pitting" of the surface. Harmful particles normally enter the engine via the fuel and careful attention to the fuel cleaning system is therefore of utmost importance. abbrasive wear pic

Related Terms


Comes about when hard surface asperities or hard particles that have embedded themselves into a soft surface and plough grooves into the opposing harder surface, e.g., a journal.


A particulate wear process where high velocity, fluid- entrained particles are directed at target surfaces.


  1. The method of applying a signal to an electronic circuit or device. 2. The process of introducing electrons or holes into a semiconductor so that their total number exceeds the number present at thermal equilibrium. 3. The introduction of fuel, fuel and air, fuel and oxidizer, water, or other substance into an engine induction system or combustion chamber.


A particulate wear process by which particles are pressed between two sliding surfaces.


Ignition produced by compression of the air in a cylinder of an internal combustion engine before fuel is admitted.


The process where fuel is injected under pressure into the engine cylinder.


A conformal cylindrical map projection in which the surface of a sphere or spheroid, such as the earth, is developed on a cylinder tangent along the equator. Meridians appear as equally spaced vertical lines and parallels as horizontal lines drawn farther apart as the latitude increases, such that the correct relation- ship between latitude and longitude scales at any point is maintained. The expansion at any point is equal to the secant of the latitude of that point, with a small correction for the ellipticity of the earth. The Mercator is not a perspective projection. Since rhumb lines appear as straight lines and directions can be measured directly, this projection is widely used in navigation. If the cylinder is tangent along a meridian. a transverse Mercator map projection results; if the cylinder is tangent along an oblique great circle, an oblique Mercator map projection results. Also called EQUATORIAL CYLINDRICAL ORTHOMORPHIC MAP PROJECTION.


A hammer like noise produced when fuel is not burned properly in an engine cylinder.


Wisps or streaks of water or ice particles falling out of a cloud but evaporating before reaching the earth’s surface as precipitation. Virga is frequently seen trailing from altocumulus and altostratus clouds, but also is discernible below the bases of high-level cumuliform clouds from which precipitation is falling into a dry subcloud layer. It typically exhibits a hooked form in which the streaks descend nearly vertically just under the precipitation source but appear to be almost horizontal at their lower extremities. Such curvature of virga can be produced simply by effects of strong vertical windshear, but ordinarily it results from the fact that droplet or crystal evaporation decreases the particle terminal fall velocity near the ends of the streaks. Also called FALL STREAKS, PRECIPITATION TRAILS.


A complex wear process where a machine surface is peeled away or otherwise removed by forces of another surface acting on it in a sliding motion.

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