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The potential of the system for particle attraction and adhesion.



Related Terms

STAR

A large self-luminous celestial body. Stars are generally at such great distances from the earth that they appear to the eye to be fixed in space relative to each other. Comets, meteors, and nebulae may also be selfluminous, but are much smaller. Two stars appearing close together are called a double star, an optical double star if they appear close because they are in nearly the same line of sight but differ greatly in distance from the observer, a physical double star if in nearly the same line of sight and at approximately the same distance from the observer. A system of two stars that revolve about their common center of mass is called a binary star. A group of three or more stars so close together that they appear as a single star is called a multiple star. A group of stars physically close together is called a star cluster. A variable star changes in magnitude. A star which suddenly becomes many times brighter than previously, and then gradually fades, is called a nova. The brightest planet appearing in the western sky during evening twilight is called evening star, and the brightest one appearing in the eastern sky during morning twilight is called morning star. A shooting star or meteor is a solid particle too small to be seen until it enters the earth’s atmosphere, when it is heated to incandescence by friction of the air.

WORLD GEODETIC SYSTEM

A consistent set of parameters describing the size and shape of the earth, the positions of a network of points with respect to the center of mass of the earth, transformations from major geodetic datums, and the potential of the earth (usually in terms of harmonic coefficients). It forms the common geodetic reference system for modern charts on which positions from electronic navigation systems can be plotted directly without correction.

OHM

A derived unit of electrical resistance in the International System of Units; it is the electrical resistance between two points of a conductor when a constant potential difference of 1 volt, applied to these points, produces in the conductor a current of 1 ampere, the conductor not being the seat of an electromotive force.

AWARENESS STAGE

A period during which the SAR system becomes aware of an actual or potential incident.

CENTRIFUGAL BARRIER

A steep rise, located around the center of force, in the effective potential governing the radial motion of a particle of non-vanishing angular momentum in a central force field, which results from the centrifugal force and prevents the particle from reaching the center of force, or causes its Schro dinger wave function to vanish there in a quantum-mechanical system.

PARTICLE ENERGY

For a particle in a potential, the sum of the particle's kinetic energy and potential energy.

VOLT

A derived unit of electric potential in the International System of Units, it is the difference of electric potential between two points of a conducting wire carrying a constant current of 1 ampere, when the power dissipated between these points is equal to 1 watt.

COULOMB FORCE

The electrostatic force of attraction or repulsion exerted by one charged particle on another, in accordance with Coulomb's law.

LEAST-ENERGY PRINCIPLE

The principle that the potential energy of a system in stable equilibrium is a minimum relative to that of nearby configurations.

COULOMB ATTRACTION

The electrostatic force of attraction exerted by one charged particle on another charged particle of opposite sign. Also known as electrostatic attraction.

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