A heavy wall used to isolate buildings or areas which contain highly combustible or explosive materials or to protect a building or area from blast damage when exposed to explosions.



Related Terms

BARRIER SHIELD

A wall or enclosure made of a material designed to absorb ionizing radiation, shielding the operator from an area where radioactive material is being used or processed barrow See handbarrow; wheelbarrow.

FIRE WALL

  1. A fire-resisting wall separating two parts of a building from the lowest floor to several feet above the roof to prevent the spread of fire. 2. A fire-resisting wall surrounding an oil storage tank to retain oil that may escape and to confine fire.

DESIGN HEATING LOAD

The space heating needs of a building or an enclosed area expressed in terms of the probable maximum requirement.

FILM COEFFICIENT

For a fluid confined in a vessel, the rate of flow of heat out of the fluid, per unit area of vessel wall divided by the difference between the temperature in the interior of the fluid and the temperature at the surface of the wall. Also known as convection coefficient.

ARCHITECTURAL ENGINEERING

The branch of engineering dealing primarily with building 29 architectural engineering architectural millwork materials and components and with the design of structural systems for buildings, in contrast to heavy construction such as bridges.

AIR-TO-AIR RESISTANCE

The resistance provided by the wall of a building to the flow of heat.

CAISSON FOUNDATION

A shaft of concrete placed under a building column or wall and extending down to hard pan or rock. Also known as pier foundation.

SEA KINDLINESS

A measure of the ease of motion of a vessel in heavy seas, particularly in regard to rolling, pitching, and shipping water. It is not to be confused with seaworthiness which implies that the vessel is able to sustain heavy rolling, pitching, etc., without structural damage or impaired stability.

FLEETING

The area at which barges, towboats and tugs are berthed until needed. The operation of building or dismantling barge tows.

ARCHITECTURAL VOLUME

The cubic content of a building calculated by multiplying the area by aerial photography having parallel overlapping flight lines and stereoscopic overlap between exposures in the line of flight.

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