ATF. Fluid for automatic, hydraulic transmissions in motor vehicles.


Related Terms

PLUGGING

1. Braking an electric motor by reversing its connections, so it tends to turn in the opposite direction; the circuit is opened automatically when the motor stops, so the motor does not actually reverse. 2. The formation of a barrier (plug) of solid material in a process flow system, such as a pipe or reactor.

OCTANE NUMBER

A rating that indicates the tendency to knock when a fuel is used in a standard internal combustion engine under standard conditions; n-heptane is 0, isooctane is 100; different test methods yield other values variously known as research octane, motor octane, and road octane.

MOTOR

A machine that converts electric energy into mechanical energy by utilizing forces produced by magnetic fields on current-carrying conductors. Also known as electric motor.

MAIN SHAFT

The line of shafting receiving its power from the engine or motor and transmitting power to other parts.

KNOCKMETER

A fuels-testing device used to measure the output of the detonation meter used in American Society for Testing and Materials knock-test ratings of motor fuels.

KNOCK INTENSITY

The intensity of knock (detonation) recorded when testing a motor gasoline for octane or knock rating.

INTERNAL BRAKE

A friction brake in which an internal shoe follows the inner surface of the rotating brake drum, wedging itself between the drum and the point at which it is anchored; used in motor vehicles.

HYDROFORMING

A petroleum-refinery process in which naphthas are passed over a catalyst at elevated temperatures and moderate pressures in the presence of added hydrogen or hydrogen-containing gases, to form high-octane BTX aromatics for motor fuels or chemical manufacture.

HOMING DEVICE

A control device that automatically starts in the correct direction of motion or rotation to achieve a desired change, as in a remote-control tuning motor for a television receiver.

HOIST SLACK-BRAKE SWITCH

A device that automatically cuts off power to the hoist motor and sets the brake if the links in the brake rigging require tightening or if the brakes require relining.

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