Hard or persistent accumulation of sludge, varnish and carbonaceous residues due to blow-by of unburned and partially burned fuel, or the partial breakdown of the crankcase lubricant. Water from the condensation of combustion products, carbon, residues from fuel or lubricating oil additives, dust and metal particles also contribute.


Related Terms

PARTICULATE MASS ANALYZER

A unit which measures dust concentrations in emissions from furnaces, kilns, cupolas, and scrubbers.

KONISCOPE

An instrument which indicates the presence of dust particles in the atmosphere. Also spelled coniscope.

CONTAMINANT CAPACITY

The weight of a specified artificial contaminant that must be added to the influent to produce a given differential pressure across a filter at specified conditions. Used as an indication of relative service life. Also known as Dirt capacity, Dust capacity

ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINANT

All material and energy present in and around an operating system, such as dust, air moisture, chemicals, and thermal energy.

HAZE

Fine dust or salt particles in the air, too small to be individually apparent but in sufficient number to reduce horizontal visibility and give the atmosphere a characteristic hazy appearance which casts a bluish or yellowish veil over the landscape, subduing its colors. This is sometimes called a dry haze to distinguish it from damp haze, small water droplets or very hygroscopic particles in the air, smaller and more scattered than light fog.

DUST

An air suspension (aerosol) or particles of any solid material, usually with particle size less than 100 microns.

AFTERGLOW

1. The slowly decaying luminescence of the screen of the cathode-ray tube after excitation by an electron beam has ceased. 2. A broad, high arch of radiance or glow seen occasionally in the western sky above the highest clouds in deepening twilight, caused by the scattering effect of very fine particles of dust suspended in the upper atmosphere.

DUST DEVIL

A well-developed dust whirl, a small but vigorous whirlwind, usually of short duration, rendered visible by dust, sand, and debris picked up from the ground. Diameters of dust devils range from about 10 feet to greater than 100 feet; their average height is about 600 feet, but a few have been observed as high as several thousand feet. They have been observed to rotate anticyclonically as well as cyclonically. Dust devils are best developed on a hot, calm after- noon with clear skies, in a dry region when intense surface heating causes a very steep lapse rate of temperature in the lower few hundred feet of the atmosphere.

DUST WHIRL

A rapidly rotating column of air (whirlwind) over a dry and dusty or sandy area, carrying dust, leaves, and other light material picked up from the ground. When well developed it is called DUST DEVIL.

DUST STORM

An unusual, frequently severe weather condition characterized by strong winds and dust-filled air over an extensive area. Prerequisite to a dust storm is a period of drought over an area of normally arable land, thus providing very fine particles of dust which distinguish it from the much more common SANDSTORM.

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