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Buckling or collapse caused by compression, as of a steel or concrete column or of wood fibers.



Related Terms

BUCKLING

  1. Wrinkling or warping of fibers in a composite material. 2. Bending of a sheet, plate, or column supporting a compressive load.

INELASTIC BUCKLING

Sudden increase of deflection or twist in a column when compressive stress reaches the elastic limit but before elastic buckling develops.

LOCAL BUCKLING

Buckling of thin elements of a column section in a series of waves or wrinkles.

CARGO BATTENS

Strips of wood fitted inside the frames to keep cargo away from hull steelwork. Also called sparring

CAVITATION

Formation of an air or vapor pocket (or bubble) due to lowering of pressure in a liquid, often as a result of a solid body, such as a propeller or piston, moving through the liquid; also, the pitting or wearing away of a solid surface as a result of the collapse of a vapor bubble. Cavitation can occur in a hydraulic system as a result of low fluid levels that draw air into the system, producing tiny bubbles that expand explosively at the pump outlet, causing metal erosion and eventual pump destruction.

BRIGHTWORK

An exposed varnished wood or polished metal on a boat.

COLLAPSE

An inward structural failure of a filter element which can occur due to abnormally high pressure drop (differential pressure) or resistance to flow.

FARDAGE

A wood placed in bottom of ship to keep cargo dry

LEEBOARD

Wood or metal planes attached to hull to prevent leeway

RABBET

A groove cut in wood to form part of a joint.

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