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The recovery of natural gasoline from gas containing a high proportion of hydrocarbons.



Related Terms

POLYFORMING

A noncatalytic, petroleum-refinery process charging C3 and C4 gases with naphtha or gas oil at high temperature to produce high-quality gasoline and fuel oil; mostly replaced by catalytic reforming; the prodTesting and Materials analysis of paraffins (P), olefins (O), naphthenes (N), and aromatics (A) in gasolines.

GAS-TURBINE NOZZLE

The component of a gas turbine in which the hot, high pressure gas expands and accelerates to high velocity.

IDEAL GAS LAW

The equation of state of an ideal gas which is a good approximation to real gases at sufficiently high temperatures and low pressures; that is, PV RT, where P is the pressure, V is the volume per mole of gas, T is the temperature, and R is the gas constant.

MOLECULAR DRAG PUMP

A vacuum pump in which pumping is accomplished by imparting a high momentum to the gas molecules by impingement of a body rotating at very high speeds, as mucha s 16,000 revolutions perminute;such pumps achieve a vacuum as high as 10^-6 torr.

COTTRELL PRECIPITATOR

A machine for removing dusts and mists from gases, in which the gas passes through a grounded pipe with a fine axial wire at a high negative voltage, and particles are ionized by the corona discharge of the wire and migrate to the pipe.

STABILIZER

A vessel or system used to remove the liquid condensate or gasoline from the gas stream.

PLASMA TORCH

A torch in which temperatures as high as 50,000 C are achieved by injecting a plasma gas tangentially into an electric arc formed between electrodes in a chamber; the resulting vortex of hot gases emerges at very high speed through a hole in the negative electrode, to form a jet for welding, spraying of molten metal, and cutting of hard rock or hard metals.

MIXER

The part of a pre-mix burner (also gas-air mixer) which uses the kinetic energy of the high velocity fuel gas stream to draw in part or all of the air required by the burner for combustion.

ASTROBALLISTICS

The study of phenomena arising out of the motion of a solid through a gas at speeds high enough to cause ablation; for example, the interaction of a meteoroid with the atmosphere.

CHARCOAL TEST

A determination of the natural gasoline content of natural gas by adsorbing the gasoline on activated charcoal.

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