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A liquid seal (most often mercury or sodium sulfate brine) that is displaced during the no-loss transfer of a gas sample from one container to another.



Related Terms

CONE CLUTCH

A type of friction brake confinement confining liquid resistant container which holds an explosive charge.

FLUID

A substance readily assuming the shape of the container in which it is placed; e.g. oil, gas, water or mixtures of these. A general classification including liquids and gases.

DEEPWELL PUMP

A type of centrifugal cargo pump commonly found on gas carriers. The prime mover is usually an electric or hydraulic motor. The motor is usually mounted on top of the cargo tank and drives, via a long transmission shaft, through a double seal arrangement, the pump assembly located in the bottom of the tank. The cargo discharge pipeline surrounds the drive shaft and the shaft bearings are cooled and lubricated by the liquid being pumped.

AUTO-IGNITION TEMPERATURE

The lowest temperature to which a liquid or gas requires to be raised to cause self-sustained spontaneous combustion without ignition by a spark or flame.

ABSOLUTE EXPANSION

The true expansion of a liquid with temperature, as calculated when the expansion of the container in which the volume of the liquid is measured is taken into account; in contrast with apparent expansion.

GAS SCRUBBING

Removal of gaseous or liquid impurities from a gas by the action of a liquid; the gas is contacted with the liquid which removes the impurities by dissolving or by chemical combination.

BELL-TYPE MANOMETER

A differential pressure gage in which one pressure input is fed into an inverted cuplike container floating in liquid, and the other pressure input presses down upon the top of the container so that its level in the liquid is the measure of differential pressure.

GAMMA-RAY LEVEL INDICATOR

A level indicator in which the rising level of the liquid or other material reduces the amount of radiation passing from a gamma-ray source through the container to a Geiger counter or other radiation detector.

BASKET STRAINER

A porous-sided or screen-covered vessel used to screen solid particles out of liquid or gas streams.

BLOWING

The introduction of compressed air near the bottom of a tank or other container in order to agitate the liquid therein.

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