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An instrument for measuring weight or mass which consists of a 122 single pan (together with a set of weights that can be suspended from a counterpoised beam) that has a constant load (200 grams for the microbalance).

Related Terms


An instrument in which fluid in a pipe is made to rotate at a constant speed by a motor-driven impeller, and the torque required by a second, stationary impeller to straighten the flow again is a direct measurement of mass flow.


An instrument which determines mass flow rate from the torque on a ribbed disk that is rotated at constant speed when fluid is made to enter at the center of the disk and is accelerated radially.


A magnetic needle suspended so as to be free to rotate about a horizontal axis. An instrument using such a needle to measure magnetic dip is called a DIP CIRCLE. A dip needle with a sliding weight that can be moved along one of its arms to balance the magnetic force is called a HEELING ADJUSTER.


The constant e, which is the ratio of the relative velocity of two elastic spheres after direct impact to that before impact; e can vary from 0 to 1, with 1 equivalent to an elastic collision and 0 equivalent to a perfectly elastic collision. Also known as restitution coefficient.


A safety factor based on the ratio of ultimate load to maximum permissible load that can be safely placed on a structure.


A common measure of ship carrying capacity. The number of tons (2240 lbs.) of cargo, stores and bunkers that a vessel can transport. It is the difference between the number of tons of water a vessel displaces 'light' and the number of tons it displaces 'when submerged to the 'deep load line'.' A vessel's cargo capacity is less than its total deadweight tonnage. The difference in weight between a vessel when it is fully loaded and when it is empty (in general transportation terms, the net) measured by the water it displaces. This is the most common, and useful, measurement for shipping as it measures cargo capacity.


A universal joint that provides for constant angular velocity of the driven shaft by transmitting the torque through a set of four balls lying in the plane that contains the bisector of, and is perpendicular to, the plane of the angle between the shafts.


To set a surveying instrument over a point for the purpose of making observations or measurements.


In injection molding, the maximum weight of a given thermoplastic resin which can be displaced by a single stroke of the injection ram.


[INDENG] That portion of the working area that is readily accessible to the hands of a worker when in his normal states that the difference between the specific heat of a gas at constant pressure and its specific heat at constant volume is equal to the gas constant divided by the molecular weight of the gas.

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