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A thermal conversion process using the mass-flow lift principle to give continuous coke circulation; oilwetted particles of coke move downward into the reactor in which cracking, coking, and drying take place; pelleted coke, gas, gasoline, and gas oil are products of the process.



Related Terms

POLYFORMING

A noncatalytic, petroleum-refinery process charging C3 and C4 gases with naphtha or gas oil at high temperature to produce high-quality gasoline and fuel oil; mostly replaced by catalytic reforming; the prodTesting and Materials analysis of paraffins (P), olefins (O), naphthenes (N), and aromatics (A) in gasolines.

COKING

  1. Destructive distillation of coal to make coke
  2. A process for thermally converting the heavy residual bottoms of crude oil entirely to lower-boiling petroleum products and by-product petroleum coke.

FLEXICOKING

A continuous cokemaking process that has a gasification section in which coke can be gasified to produce refinery fuel gas, allowing the production of both gas and coke in line with market requirements.

BASKET STRAINER

A porous-sided or screen-covered vessel used to screen solid particles out of liquid or gas streams.

G.O.

1) Gas Oil 2) General Order - when U.S. Customs orders shipments without entries to be kept in their custody in a bonded warehouse.

MULTIPHASE FRACTION METER

A device for measuring the phase area fractions of oil, gas and water of a multiphase flow through a cross-section of a conduit.

CASTNER PROCESS

A process used industrially to make high-test sodium cyanide by reacting sodium, glowed charcoal, and dry ammonia gas to form sodamide, which is converted to cyanamide immediately; the cyanamide is converted to cyanide with charcoal.

CASCADE RELIQUEFACTION CYCLE

A process in which vapour boil-off from cargo tanks is condensed in a cargo condenser in which the coolant is a refrigerant gas such as R22 or equivalent. The refrigerant gas is then compressed and passed through a conventional sea water-cooled condenser.

FATIGUE PLATELETS

Normal particles between 20 and 40 microns found in gear box and rolling element bearing oil samples observed by analytical ferrography. A sudden increase in the size and quantity of these particles indicates excessive wear.

GAS-OIL-RATIO (GOR)

The gas volume flow rate, relative to the oil volume flow rate, both converted to volumes at standard pressure and temperature.

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