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Separation by boiling of a liquid mixture with different component boiling points; feed is introduced continuously, with continuous removal of overhead vapors and high-boiling bottoms liquids.

Related Terms

HYDROMETER

An instrument for determining either the specific gravity of a liquid or the API gravity.

ABSORPTION

The assimilation of one material into another; in petroleum refining, the use of an absorptive liquid to selectively remove components from a process stream.

AERATION

The state of air being suspended in a liquid such as a lubricant or hydraulic fluid.

AIR BREATHER

A device permitting air movement between atmosphere and the component in/ on which it is installed.

FIRE POINT

The temperature to which a combustible liquid must be heated so that the released vapor will burn continuously when ignited under specified conditions (Clevelend Open Cup).

BARREL

A unit of liquid volume of petroleum oils equal to 42 U.S. gallons or approximately 35 Imperial gallons.

FLUID

A substance readily assuming the shape of the container in which it is placed; e.g. oil, gas, water or mixtures of these. A general classification including liquids and gases.

CAPILLARITY

A property of a solid-liquid system manifested by the tendency of the liquid in contact with the solid to rise above or fall below the level of the surrounding liquid; this phenomenon is seen in a small bore (capillary) tube.

FILTRATION

The physical or mechanical process of separating insoluble particulate matter from a fluid, such as air or liquid, by passing the fluid through a filter medium that will not allow the particulates to pass through it.

LIQUID

Any substance that flows readily or changes in response to the smallest influence. More generally, any substance in which the force required to produce a deformation depends on the rate of deformation rather than on the magnitude of the deformation.
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