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A process that operates on a continuous flow (materials or time) basis, in contrast to batch, intermittent, or seof products, such as chemicals or paper, involving a sequence of processes performed by a series of machines receiving the materials through a closed channel of flow.

Related Terms

RESTRICTOR

A device for producing a deliberate pressure drop or resistance in a line by reducing the cross-sectional flow area.

COMPRESSOR

A device which converts mechanical force and motion into pneumatic flow power.

BYPASS VALVE

A valve mechanism that assures system fluid flow when a preselected differential pressure across is exceeded; the valve allows all or part of the flow to bypass the filter element.

LAMINAR FLOW

A flow situation in which fluid moves in parallel lamina or layers.

BYPASS FILTRATION

A system of filtration in which only a portion of the total flow of a circulating fluid system passes through a filter at any instant or in which a filter having its own circulating pump operates in parallel to the main flow.

FILTER HOUSING

A ported enclosure that directs the flow of fluid through the filter element.

FULL-FLOW FILTRATION

A system of filtration in which the total flow of a circulating fluid system passes through a filter.

FLOWMETER

A device which indicates either flow rate, total flow, or a combination of both.

CAVITATION EROSION

A material-damaging process which occurs as a result of vaporous cavitation. 'Cavitation' refers to the occurrence or formation of gas- or vapor- filled pockets in flowing liquids due to the hydrodynamic generation of low pressure (below atmospheric pressure). This damage results from the hammering action when cavitation bubbles implode in the flow stream. Ultra- high pressures caused by the collapse of the vapor bubbles produce deformation, material failure and, finally, erosion of the surfaces.

SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS

Heat will flow only from material at higher temperature to material at lower temperature.
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