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In radar evaluation, upper and lower control limits are established at those performance figures within which it is expected that 95% of quality-control samples will fall when the radar is performing normally.

Related Terms

ADJUSTABLE DIFFERENTIAL

A means of changing the difference between the control cut-in and cut-out points.

ACTION

Refers to the action of a controller. It defines what is done to regulate the final control element to effect control.

SHED MODE

A method of demand control that reduces kW demand through shedding and restoring loads.

GROWLER

A piece of ice smaller than a BERGY BIT or FLOEBERG, often transparent but appearing green or almost black in color. It extends less than 1 meter above the sea surface and its length is less than 20 feet (6 meters). A growler is large enough to be a hazard to shipping but small enough that it may escape visual or radar detection.

HALF-POWER POINTS

Power ratios used to define the angular width of a radar beam. One convention defines beam width as the angular width between points at which the field strength is 71 percent of its maximum value. Expressed in terms of power ratio, this convention defines beam width as the angular width between half-power points. A second convention defines beam width as the angular width between points at which the field strength is 50 percent of its maximum value. Expressed in terms of power ratio, the latter convention defines beam width as the angular width between quarter- power points.

HOUR-GLASS EFFECT

A radarscope phenomenon which appears as a constriction or expansion of the display near the center of the plan position indicator, which can be caused by a nonlinear time base or the sweep plot starting on the radar indicator at the same instant as the transmission of the pulse. The phenomenon is most apparent when in narrow rivers or close to shore.

CATALYST

A substance which speeds a chemical action without undergoing a chemical change itself during the process. Now used in catalytic converters to control amount of unburned hydrocarbons and CO in automobile exhaust.

AUTOMATIC FROST CONTROL

Control which automatically cycles refrigerating system to remove frost formation on evaporator.

CATALYTIC CONVERTER

An integral part of vehicle emission control systems since 1975. Oxidizing converters remove hydrocarbons and carbon monoxide (CO) from exhaust gases, while reducing converters control nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions. Both use noble metal (platinum, palladium or rhodium) catalysts that can be 'poisoned' by lead compounds in the fuel or lubricant.

AUTOMATION

The employment of devices, which automatically control one or more functions.
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