The electrostatic force of repulsion exerted by one charged particle on another charged particle of the same sign. Also known as electrostatic repulsion. |
The electrostatic force of repulsion exerted by one charged particle on another charged particle of the same sign. Also known as electrostatic repulsion. |
Related Terms |
COULOMB ATTRACTIONThe electrostatic force of attraction exerted by one charged particle on another charged particle of opposite sign. Also known as electrostatic attraction. |
ELECTROSTATIC FORCEForce on a charged particle due to an electrostatic field, equal to the electric field vector times the charge of the particle. |
COULOMB FORCEThe electrostatic force of attraction or repulsion exerted by one charged particle on another, in accordance with Coulomb's law. |
ELECTROSTATIC VOLTMETERA voltmeter in which the voltage to be measured is applied between fixed and movable metal vanes; the resulting electrostatic force deflects the movable vane against the tension of a spring. |
ELECTROSTATIC FORCE MICROSCOPYThe use of an atomic force microscope to measure electrostatic forces from electric charges on a surface. |
COULOMB POTENTIALA scalar point function equal to the work per unit charge done against the Coulomb force in transferring a particle bearing an infinitesimal positive charge from infinity to a point in the field of a specific charge distribution. |
ENERGY INTEGRALA constant of integration resulting from integration of Newton's second law of motion in the case of a conservative force; equal to the sum of the kinetic energy of the particle and the potential energy of the force acting on it. |
CONSERVATIVE FORCE FIELDA field of force in which the work done on a particle in moving it from one point to another depends only on the particle's initial and final positions. |
CENTRIFUGAL BARRIERA steep rise, located around the center of force, in the effective potential governing the radial motion of a particle of non-vanishing angular momentum in a central force field, which results from the centrifugal force and prevents the particle from reaching the center of force, or causes its Schro dinger wave function to vanish there in a quantum-mechanical system. |
CENTER OF ATTRACTIONA point toward which a force on a body or particle (such as gravitational or electrostatic force) is always directed; the magnitude of the force depends only on the distance of the body or particle from this point. |
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