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A statistical control chart on which the cumulative sum of deviations is plotted over a period of time and which often has a sliding V-shaped mask for comparing the plot with allowable limits. Also after the mold has been filled.



Related Terms

FIGURE OF MERIT

A performance rating that governs the choice of a device for a particular application; for example, the figure of merit of a magnetic amplifier is the ratio of usable power gain to the control time constant.

HOUR-GLASS EFFECT

A radarscope phenomenon which appears as a constriction or expansion of the display near the center of the plan position indicator, which can be caused by a nonlinear time base or the sweep plot starting on the radar indicator at the same instant as the transmission of the pulse. The phenomenon is most apparent when in narrow rivers or close to shore.

PLOTTING A POSITION

One of the most fundamental chart skills is being able to plot a position of known latitude & longitude, or, to determine latitude & longitude of a given position on the chart.

OPEN INSURANCE POLICY

A marine insurance policy that applies to all shipments made by an exporter over a period of time rather than to one shipment only.

TIME DELAY

A deliberate delay of a predetermined time in the action of a safety device or control.

DURABILITY

The quality of equipment, structures, or goods of continuing to be useful after an extended period of time and usage.

OPTIMAL PROGRAMMING

A subfield of optimal control theory in which the control variables are determined as functions of time for a specified initial state of the system.

SECONDARY PHASE FACTOR CORRECTION

A correction for additional time (or phase delay) for transmission of a low frequency signal over an all seawater path when the signal transit time is based on the free-space velocity. The Loran C lattices as tabulated in tables or overprinted on the nautical chart normally include compensation for secondary phase factor.

SLACK WATER

The state of a tidal current when its speed is near zero, especially the moment when a reversing current changes direction and its speed is zero. The term is also applied to the entire period of low speed near the time of turning of the current when it is too weak to be of any practical importance in navigation. The relation of the time of slack water to the tidal phases varies in different localities. For standing tidal waves, slack water occurs near the times of high and low water, while for progressive tidal waves, slack water occurs midway between high and low water.

DETENTION BASIN

A reservoir without control gates for storing water over brief periods of time until the stream has the capacity for ordinary flow plus released water; used for flood regulation.

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