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A guide to the process of decision-making, often outlined in the following steps: analysis of the decision area to discover applicable elements; location or creation of criteria for evaluation; appraisal of the known information pertinent to the applicable elements and correction for bias; isolation of the unknown factors; weighting of the pertinent elements, known and unknown, as to relative importance; and projection of the relative impacts on the objective, and synthesis into a course of action.

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A graphic representation of the process flow of paperwork forms. Also known as forms analysis chart; functional forms analysis chart; information process analysis chart.


Term used in contracts, meaning the process of providing exclusive, unencumbered, peaceful, and vacant possession of and access to a concession area and the existing operational port infrastructure and also all rights, title (free of all encumbrances and security), and interest in all the movable assets and all the facilities by the government or the port authority on the hand-over date for the conduct of terminal operations.


Fairing lines added to a vessel's body plan. They take the form of straight lines (usually three in smaller craft) drawn diagonally from the centreline, to strike the area of the waterline. The projection a line drawn from the series of intersection points found (of diagonal & waterline) along the hull, gives an indication of the likely water flow across the structure.


The part of a process heater into which the burners fire. Tubes mounted in this area of the furnace receive heat principally via direct radiation from both burner flames and furnace refractory. Physical volume arrangement of the radiant section has a great effect on burner choice and required flame patterns.


Air masses are classified according to their source regions. Four such regions are generally recognized- (1) equatorial (E), the doldrum area between the north and south trades; (2) tropical (T), the trade wind and lower temperate regions, (3) polar (P), the higher temperate latitudes; and (4) Arctic or Antarctic (A), the north or south polar regions of ice and snow. This classification is a general indication of relative temperature, as well as latitude of origin. Air masses are further classified as maritime (m) or continental (c), depending upon whether they form over water or land. This classification is an indication of the relative moisture content of the air mass. A third classification sometimes applied to tropical and polar air masses indicates whether the air mass is warm (w) or cold (k) relative to the underlying surface. The w and k classifications are primarily indications of stability, cold air being more stable.


  1. The process of extracting information from an electro- magnetic wave. 2. In the use of radar, the recognition of the presence of a target.


Process control in which changes are detected at the process input and an anticipating correction signal is applied before process output is affected.


In a given direction, at a point on the surface of a source or receptor, or at a point on the path of a beam, the quotient of the luminous flux leaving, arriving at, or passing through an element of surface at this point and propagated in directions defined by an elementary cone containing the given directions, by the product of the solid angle of the cone and the area of the orthogonal projection of the element of surface on a plane perpendicular to the given direction. The derived unit of luminance in the International System of Units is the CANDELA PER SQUARE METER.


Course relative to true north.


The cross-sectional area locally occupied by one of the phases of a multiphase flow, relative to the cross-sectional area of the conduit at the same local position.

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