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The degree of light blockage as reflected in the transmitted light impinging on the photodiode.

Related Terms

EMISSION SPECTROMETER

Works on the basis that atoms of metallic and other particular elements emit light at characteristic wavelengths when they are excited in a flame, arc, or spark. Excited light is directed through an entrance slit in the spectrometer. This light penetrates the slit, falls on a grate, and is dispersed and reflected. The spectrometer is calibrated by a series of standard samples containing known amounts of the elements of interest. By exciting these standard samples, an analytical curve can be established which gives the relationship between the light intensity and its concentration in the fluid.

GROUP OCCULTING LIGHT

An occulting light in which the occultations are combined in groups, each group including the same number of occultations, and in which the groups are repeated at regular intervals. The intervals of light separating the occultations within each group are of equal duration and this duration is clearly shorter than the duration of the interval of light between two successive groups.

HAND LEAD

A light sounding lead (7 to 14 pounds), usually having a line of not more than 25 fathoms

GROUP QUICK LIGHT

A quick flashing light in which a specified group of flashes is regularly repeated

FLUID OPACITY

Related to the ability of a fluid to pass light.

FTIR, Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy

A test where infrared light absorption is used for assessing levels of soot, sulfates, oxidation, nitro-oxidation, glycol, fuel, and water contaminants.

GROUP FLASHING LIGHT

A flashing light in which the flashes are combined in groups, each group having the same number of flashes, and in which the groups are repeated at regular intervals. The eclipses separating the flashes within each group are of equal duration and this duration is clearly shorter than the duration of the eclipse between two successive groups.

GROUP VERY QUICK LIGHT

A very quick flashing light in which a specified group of flashes is regularly repeated.

HAZE

Fine dust or salt particles in the air, too small to be individually apparent but in sufficient number to reduce horizontal visibility and give the atmosphere a characteristic hazy appearance which casts a bluish or yellowish veil over the landscape, subduing its colors. This is sometimes called a dry haze to distinguish it from damp haze, small water droplets or very hygroscopic particles in the air, smaller and more scattered than light fog.

HEAT LIGHTNING

A flash of light from an electric discharge, without thunder, believed to be the reflection by haze or clouds of a distant lash of lightning, too far away for the thunder to be audible
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