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Ability of a lubricant to resist natural degradation upon contact with oxygen.

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ANAEROBIC

A condition in which 'free' or dissolved oxygen is not present in the water.

AEROBIC

A condition in which 'free' or dissolved oxygen is present in water.

False brinelling

False brinelling of needle roller bearings is actually a fretting corrosion of the surface since the rollers are the I.D. of the bearing. Although its appearance is similar to that of brinelling, false brinelling is characterized by attrition of the steel, and the load on the bearing is less than that required to produce the resulting impression. It is the result of a combination of mechanical and chemical action that is not completely understood, and occurs when a small relative motion or vibration is accompanied by some loading, in the presence of oxygen.

OXIDATION

Occurs when oxygen attacks petroleum fluids. The process is accelerated by heat, light, metal catalysts and the presence of water, acids, or solid contaminants. It leads to increased viscosity and deposit formation.

NITRATION

Nitration products are formed during the fuel combustion process in internal combustion engines. Most nitration products are formed when an excess of oxygen is present. These products are highly acidic, form deposits in combustion areas and rapidly accelerate oxidation.

CARBON DIOXIDE

Compound of carbon and oxygen (CO2) which is sometimes used as a refrigerant. Refrigerant number is R-744.

BICARBONATE

An ion or salt of carbonic acid, containing hydrogen, carbon, and oxygen (HC03), such as sodium bicarbonate, NaHC03.

DE-AERATOR

An apparatus or device which is used to remove dissolved air or oxygen from water.

AERATING

Aerating means the introduction of fresh air into a tank with the object of removing toxic, flammable and inert gases and increasing the oxygen content to 21 per cent by volume.

NOx

Any combination of nitrogen and oxygen in a compound form. The most common in terms of environmental considerations is NO, which constitutes 90% of combustion NOx emissions, and NO2. All NO is eventually converted to NO2 in the atmosphere. Hence, most regulations are written to assume that the NOx which is emitted is in the form of NO2. Nox emissions are influenced by many factors, including furnace temperature, flame temperature, burner design, combustion air temperature, nitrogen content of liquid fuels, ammonia content of gas fuels, and other factors.
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