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A type of petroleum fluid derived from paraffinic crude oil and containing a high proportion of straight chain saturated hydrocarbons. Often susceptible to cold flow problems.

Related Terms

RESTRICTOR

A device for producing a deliberate pressure drop or resistance in a line by reducing the cross-sectional flow area.

ROTARY COMPRESSOR

Mechanism which pumps fluid by using rotating motion.

DIELECTRIC STRENGTH

A measure of the ability of an insulating material to withstand electric stress (voltage) without failure. Fluids with high dielectric strength (usually expressed in volts or kilovolts) are good electrical insulators. (ASTM Designation D 877.)

COMPRESSOR

A device which converts mechanical force and motion into pneumatic flow power.

CUTTING FLUID

Any fluid applied to a cutting tool to assist in the cutting operation by cooling, lubricating or other means.

FILTER MANIFOLD

A filter assembly containing multiple ports and integral relating components which services more than one fluid circuit.

ANALYTICAL FERROGRAPHY

The magnetic precipitation and subsequent analysis of wear debris from a fluid sample .This approach involves passing a volume of fluid over a chemically treated microscope slide which is supported over a magnetic field. Permanent magnets are arranged in such a way as to create a varying field strength over the length of the substrate. This varying strength causes wear debris to precipitate in a distribution with respect to size and mass over the Ferrogram. Once rinsed and fixed to the substrate, this debris deposit serves as an excellent media for optical analysis of the composite wear particulates.

EFFLUENT

The fluid leaving a component.

CARBON RESIDUE

Coked material remaining after an oil has been exposed to high temperatures under controlled conditions.

REFRIGERATOR

A device to transfer heat from a low temperature to a high temperature medium.
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