That branch of engineering concerned with evaluating the earth's ability to support a load and designing substructures to transmit the load of superstructures to the earth.


Related Terms

POLING BOARD

A timber plank driven into soft soil to support the sides of an excavation.

PILLAR BOLT

A bolt projecting from a part so as to support it.

PILE CAP

A mass of reinforced concrete cast around the head of a group of piles to ensure that they act as a unit to support the imposed load.

PEG

1. A small pointed or tapered piece, often cylindrical, used to pin down or fasten parts. 2. A projection used to hang or support objects.

PEDESTAL

1. The support for a column. 2. A metal support carrying one end of a bridge truss or girder and transmitting any load to the top of a pier or abutment. 3. See blanking level. 4. A supporting part or the base of an upright structure, such as a radar antenna.

OPEN-SIDE PLANER

A planer constructed with one upright or housing to support the crossrail and tools.

MONOCABLE

[MECHENG] An aerial rope way that uses one rope to both support and haul a load.

METER WHEEL

A special block used to support the oceanographic wire paid out over the side of a ship; attached directly or connected by means of a speedometer cable to a gearbox which measures the length of wire.

LAUNCHING CRADLE

A framework made of wood to support a vessel during launching from sliding ways.

LADDER JACK

A scaffold support which hooks onto a ladder.

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