Application of quantitative concepts and principles of physics and mathematics in geologic explorations to discover the character of and mineral resources in underground rocks in the upper portions of the earth's crust.


Related Terms

MINING ENGINEERING

Engineering concerned with the discovery, development, and exploitation of coal, ores, and minerals, as well as the cleaning, sizing, and dressing of the product. Also known as mineral engineering.

MILLIMETER OF MERCURY

A unit of pressure, equal to the pressure exerted by a column of mercury 1 millimeter high with a density of 13.5951 grams per cubic centimeter under the standard acceleration of gravity; equal to 133.322387415 pascals; it differs from the torr at the bottom used for hauling bulk materials. mineral engineering See mining engineering.

SALINITY

A measure of the concentration of dissolved mineral substances in water.

OIL

A greasy, unctuous liquid of vegetable, animal, mineral or synthetic origin. Hydrocarbons in the liquid state at the prevailing temperature and pressure conditions called.

SUPERSATURATED SOLUTION

A solution of a salt or mineral with a concentration beyond the normal saturation point.

MINERAL

A naturally occurring inorganic substance having specified chemical composition and crystalline structure.

ZEOLITE

A natural mineral (hydrous silicates) that has the capacity to absorb hardness, calcium, and magnesium ions from water.

MINERAL OIL

Oil derived from a mineral source, such as petroleum.

PETROLEUM OIL

ACIDITY

Represents the amount of free carbon dioxide, mineral acids, and salts (especially sulfates or iron and aluminum) which hydrolyze to give hydrogen ions in water; is reported as milliequivalents per liter of acid, or ppm acidity as calcium carbonate, or pH, the measure of hydrogen ion concentration.

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