A gas turbine prime mover in which air is compressed in the compressor element, fuel is injected and burned in the combustor, and the hot products are expanded in the turbine element and exhausted to the atmosphere.

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A device used to measure heat quantities, specifically, the BTU value of fuel oil.


A vertical tubular member connected at its top and bottom to the steam and water space respectively to a boiler, to which the water gage, gage valves, high and low water alarms and fuel cutoff may be connected.


A noncatalytic, petroleum-refinery process charging C3 and C4 gases with naphtha or gas oil at high temperature to produce high-quality gasoline and fuel oil; mostly replaced by catalytic reforming; the prodTesting and Materials analysis of paraffins (P), olefins (O), naphthenes (N), and aromatics (A) in gasolines.


The recovery and processing of various usable fractions from the complex crude oils; usable fractions include gasoline, kerosine, diesel oil, fuel oil, and asphalt. Also known as petroleum refining.


One of a series of numbers (constituting the PN, or performancenumber, scale) used to convert fuel antiknock values in terms of a reference fuel into an index which is an indication of relative engine performance; used mostly to rate aviation gasolines with octane values greater than 100.


Device to determine the American Society for Testing and Materials flash point of fuel oils and cutback asphalts and other viscous materials and suspensions of solids.


An automobile engine device that lowers the gear ratio, thereby reducing fuel consumption.


To add an unpleasant odor as a safety measure to an odorless material such as fuel gas.


The fuel octane number needed for efficient operation (without knocking or spark retardation) of an internal combustion engine.


A rating that indicates the tendency to knock when a fuel is used in a standard internal combustion engine under standard conditions; n-heptane is 0, isooctane is 100; different test methods yield other values variously known as research octane, motor octane, and road octane.

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