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A series of processes in a system which always returns to its initial state.



Related Terms

LINEARIZATION

  1. The modification of a system so that its outputs are approximately linear functions of its inputs, in order to facilitate analysis of the system. 2. The mathematical approximation of a nonlinear system, whose departures from linearity are small, by a linear system corresponding to small changes in the varilimited-pressure cycle See mixed cycle.

CLAUSIUS INEQUALITY

The principle that for any system executing a cyclical process, the integral over the cycle of the infinitesimal amount of heat transferred to the system divided by its temperature is equal to or less than zero. Also known as Clausius theorem; inequality of Clausius.

COLD-AIR MACHINE

A refrigeration system in which air serves as the refrigerant in a cycle of adiabatic compression, cooling to ambient temperature, and adiabatic expansion to refrigeration temperature; the air is customarily reused in a closed superatmospheric pressure system. Also known as dense-air system.

CARNOT-CLAUSIUS EQUATION

For any system executing a closed cycle of reversible changes, the integral over the cycle of the infinitesimal amount of heat transferred to the system divided by its temperature equals 0. Also 88 known as Clausius theorem.

AIR REFRIGERATION SYSTEM

A mechanical refrigeration system in which air serves as the refrigerant in a cycle comprising compressor, heat exchanger, expander, and refrigerating core.

THERMOSTATIC CONTROL

Device which operates system or part of system based on temperature change.

ECDIS

FEEDBACK COMPENSATION

Improvement of the response of a feedback control system by placing a compensator in the feedback path, in contrast to cascade compensation. Also known as parallel compensation.

SELF-BAILING

A system of draining water that enters a compartment through scuppers or venturi's.

SATURABLE SYSTEM

A term used to describe a navigation system whose use is limited to a single user or a limited number of users on a time- shared basis.

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