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The oil supplied through lubricators onto the cylinder liner internal surface to lubricate the piston rings.



Related Terms

BLOW-BY

Passage of unburned fuel and combustion gases past the piston rings of internal combustion engines, resulting in fuel dilution and contamination of the crankcase oil.

BORE POLISHING

Excessive smoothing of the surface finish of the cylinder bore or cylinder liner in an engine to a mirror-like appearance, resulting in depreciation of ring sealing and oil consumption performance.

PISTON RING

Circular metallic elements that ride in the grooves of a piston and provide compression sealing during combustion.
Piston Rings are made of alloying cast iron with chromium, molybdenum, vanadium, titanium, nickel and copper. They are harder than the cylinder liner in which they run to give them a maximum life. Piston rings seal the gas space by expanding outwards due to the gas pressure acting behind them. They also spread the lubricating oil up and down the cylinder liner and transfer heat to the liner walls.
When overhauling the piston, it is important to check the ring grooves for wear and the piston ring condition. The axial and butt clearances should be measured and recorded.
The function of the piston ring is to give a gas-tight sealing of the clearance between the piston and cylinder liner. This seal is brought about by the gas pressure above and behind the piston ring, which forces it downwards, against the bottom of the ring groove, and outwards against the cylinder wall. In-order to ensure optimum sealing, it is therefore important that the piston rings, the grooves, and the cylinder walls, are of proper shape, and that the rings can move freely in the grooves (since the piston will also make small horizontal movements during the stroke). The lubrication of the piston rings influences the sealing as well as the wear and deposits.
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RING STICKING

Freezing of a piston ring in its groove in a piston engine or reciprocating compressor due to heavy deposits in the piston ring zone.

DRY SLEEVE

A cylinder liner which is not in contact with the coolant. dry-steam energy system

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