That part of thermoelectric circuit which releases heat.

Related Terms


  1. Any undesired change in the waveform of an electric signal passing through a circuit or other transmission medium.
  2. In general, the extent to which a system fails to accurately reproduce the characteristics of an input signal at its output.
  3. Any undesired change in the waveform of a sound wave.


1. Braking an electric motor by reversing its connections, so it tends to turn in the opposite direction; the circuit is opened automatically when the motor stops, so the motor does not actually reverse. 2. The formation of a barrier (plug) of solid material in a process flow system, such as a pipe or reactor.


A small lamp used to indicate that a circuit is energized. Also known as pilot light.


In manufacturing circuit boards and integrated circuits, a process in which the etching pattern is placed over the circuit board or semiconductor material, the board or chip is placed in a special solution, and the assembly is exposed to light.


Control of a circuit or piece of equipment by changes in incident light.


A circuit that takes a single input alternating voltage and produces two or more output alternating voltages that differ in phase from one another.


An element of an electric circuit that is not a source of energy, such as a resistor, inductor, or capacitor. Also known as passive component.


Circuit in which two or more parts are connected together in parallel to form parallel circuits, and in which these circuits are then connected together in series so that both methods of connection appear.


Isolation of the elements of an integrated circuit by forming a layer of silicon oxide around each element.


1. A voltage greater than that at which a device or circuit is designed to operate. Also known as overpotential. 2. The amount by which the applied voltage exceeds the Geiger threshold in a radiation counter tube.

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