Touching or fast to the bottom.

Related Terms

GROUNDED ICE

Floating ice which is aground in shoal water.

ICEBERG TONGUE

A major accumulation of icebergs projecting from the coast, held in place by grounding and joined together by fast ice.

ICE BOUNDARY

The demarcation at any given time between fast ice and pack ice or between areas of pack ice of different concentrations.

ICE EDGE

The demarcation at any given time between the open sea and sea ice of any kind, whether fast or drifting.

ICEFOOT

A narrow fringe of ice attached to the coast, unmoved by tides and remaining after the fast ice has moved away.

ICE BRIDGE

1. Surface river ice of sufficient thickness to impede or prevent navigation. 2. An area of fast ice between the mainland and nearby inhabited islands used in winter as a means of travel

ICE WALL

An ice cliff forming the seaward margin of a glacier which is not afloat. An ice wall is aground with the underlying land at or below sea level.

TORPEDO BOAT DESTROYER

A type of fast and maneuverable small warship introduced in the 1890s to protect capital ships from torpedo boat attack, since increased in size and capabilities to become a longendurance warship intended to escort larger vessels in a fleet, convoy, or battle group and defend them against submarines, surface ships, aircraft, and missiles.

AFLOAT

Of a vessel which is floating freely (not aground or sunk). More generally of vessels in service

BEACHING

Deliberately running a vessel aground to load and unload (as with landing craft), or sometimes to prevent a damaged vessel sinking.

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