Individuals or businesses who purchase transportation services or commodities.

Related Terms

FREIGHT RATE

The charge made for the transportation of freight.

VESSEL

Any craft designed for transportation on water, such as a ship or boat.

TI

Transportation institute, a non-profit organization devoted to maritime research and education.

PRISON HULK

A vessel used as a prison, often to hold convicts awaiting transportation to penal colonies; particularly common in the British Empire in the 18th and 19th centuries.

TROOPSHIP

A ship used to carry soldiers. Troopships are not specially designed for military operations and unlike landing ships cannot land troops directly onto a shore; instead they unload troops at a harbor or onto smaller vessels for transportation to shore.

CARRIER

Owner or operator of vessels providing transportation to shippers. The term is also sometimes used to refer to the vessels, i.e. ore carriers.

FREE ON BOARD

The cost of a product before transportation costs are figured in.

TON MILE

A measurement used in the economics of transportation to designate one ton being moved one mile. This is useful to the shipper because it includes the distance to move a commodity in the calculation.

MARITIME

Located on or near the sea. Commerce or navigation by sea. The maritime industry includes people working for transportation (ship, rail, truck an

HOVERCRAFT

A vessel used for the transportation of passengers and cargo riding on a cushion of air formed under it. It is very maneuverable and is also amphibious.

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