The middle brails on the mainsail, higher than the lowers, and lower than the mains.


Related Terms

PARALLELS

1. Spacers located between steam plate and press platen of the mold to prevent bending of the middle section. 2. Spacers or pressure pods located between steam plates of a mold to regulate height and prevent crushing of mold parts.

CHINE

The intersection of the middle and sides of a boat

INTERMEDIATE LIGHT

The middle light of the three-light range

JET STREAM

Relatively strong winds (50 knots or greater) concentrated in a narrow stream in the atmosphere. It usually refers only to a quasi- horizontal stream of maximum winds imbedded in the middle latitude westerlies, and concentrated in the high troposphere.

BUNTLINE

A rope attached to middle of square sail to haul it up to the yard

MIDSHIPS

The middle section of a vessel with reference to the longitudinal plane, as distinguished from fore or aft.

ALTOCUMULUS

Clouds within the middle level (mean height 6,500- 20,000 ft.) composed of flattened globular masses, the smallest elements of the regularly arranged layers being fairly thin, with or without shading. These elements are arranged in groups, in lines, or waves, following one or two directions, and are sometimes so close together that their edges join.

ALTOSTRATUS

A sheet of gray or bluish cloud within the middle level (mean height 6,500-20,000 ft.). Sometimes the sheet is composed of a compact mass of dark, thick, gray clouds of fibrous structure; at other times the sheet is thin and through it the sun or moon can be seen dimly.

CLOUD CLASSIFICATION

1. A scheme of distinguishing and grouping clouds according to their appearance and, where possible, to their process of formation. The one in general use, based on a classification system introduced by Luke Howard in 1803, is that adopted by the World Meteorological Organization and published in the International Cloud Atlas (1956). This classification is based on the determination of (a) genera, the main characteristic forms of clouds; (b) species, the peculiarities in shape and differences in internal structure of clouds; (c) varieties, special characteristics of arrangement and transparency of clouds; (d) supplementary features and accessory clouds, appended and associated minor clouds forms; and (e) mother-clouds, the origin of clouds if formed from other clouds. The ten cloud genera are cirrus, cirrocumulus, cirrostratus, altocumulus, altostratus, nimbostratus, stratocumulus, stratus, cumulus, and cumulonimbus. The fourteen cloud species are fibratus, uncinus, spissatus, castellanus, floccus, stratiformis, nebulous, lenticularis, fractus, humilis, mediocris, congestus, calvus, and capillatus. The nine cloud varieties are intortus, vertebratus, undulatus, radiatus, lacunosis, duplicatus, translucidus, perlucidus, and opacus. The nine supplementary features and accessory clouds are inclus, mamma, virga, praecipitatio, arcus, tuba, pileus, velum, and pannus. Note that although these are Latin words, it is proper convention to use only the singular endings, e.g., more than one cirrus cloud are, collectively, cirrus, not cirri. 2. A scheme of classifying clouds according to their usual altitudes. Three classes are distinguished: high, middle, and low. High clouds include cirrus, cirrocumulus, cirrostratus, occasionally altostratus and the tops of cumulonimbus. The middle clouds are altocumulus, altostratus, nimbostratus, and portions of cumulus and cumulonimbus. The low clouds are stratocumulus, stratus, most cumulus and cumulonimbus bases, and sometimes nimbostratus. 3. A scheme of classifying clouds according to their particulate composition; namely water clouds, ice-crystal clouds, and mixed clouds. The first are compose

MEDIAN

A value in a group of quantities below and above which fall an equal number of quantities. Of the group 60, 75, 80, 95, and 100, the median is 80. If there is no middle quantity in the group, the median is the value interpolated between the two middle quantities. The median of the group 6, 10, 20, and 31 is 15.

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