A method of settling disputes usually applied to a charter party.

Related Terms

OIL RECLAIMING

1. A process in which oil is passed through a filter as it comes from equipment and then returned for reuse, in the same manner that crank case oil is cleaned by an engine filter. 2. A method in which solids are removed from oil by treatment in settling tanks.

SAMPLE PREPARATION

Fluid factors that can enhance the accuracy of the particulate analysis. Such factors include particle dispersion, particle settling, and sample dilution.

TANGENT LATITUDE ERROR

On a nonpendulous gyrocompass where damping is accomplished by offsetting the point of application of the force of a mercury ballistic, the angle between the local meridian and the settling position or spin axis. Where the offset of the point of application of a mercury ballistic is to the east of the vertical axis of the gyrocompass, the settling position is to the east of the meridian in north latitudes and to the west of the meridian in south latitudes. The error is so named because it is approximately proportional to the tangent of the latitude in which the gyrocompass is operating. The tangent latitude error varies from zero at the equator to a maximum at high northern and southern latitudes.

CLARIFIER

A settling tank used to remove sediment from water through sedimentation, coagulation or flocculation.

CENTRIFUGAL CLARIFICATION

The removal of solids from a liquid by centrifugal action which decreases the settling time of the particles from hours to minutes.

CORRECTION TIME

The time required for the controlled variable to reach and stay within a predetermined band about the control point following any change of the independent variable or operating condition in a control system. Also known as settling time.

DISK CENTRIFUGE

A centrifuge with a large bowl having a set of disks that separate the liquid into thin layers to create shallow settling chambers.

ELECTRIC DESALTING

A process to remove impurities such as inorganic salts from crude oil by settling out in an electrostatic field.

C/P

Charter party

CHARTER

Hiring out of a ship.

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