A reservation of a country's coastal (domestic) shipping for its own flag vessels.

Related Terms

HAAR

A wet sea fog or very fine drizzle which drifts in from the sea in coastal districts of eastern Scotland and northeast England, especially in summer.

HYDROGRAPHY

The science that deals with the measurement and description of the physical features of the oceans, seas, lakes, rivers, and their adjoining coastal areas, with particular reference to their use for navigation.

NATIONAL WATER LEVEL OBSERVATION NETWORK

A network composed of the primary control tide stations of the National Ocean Service. This network of coastal observation stations provides the basic tidal datums for coastal boundaries and chart datums of the United States. Tidal datums obtained at secondary control tide stations and tertiary tide stations are referenced to the Network.

LABRADOR CURRENT EXTENSION

A name sometimes given to the nontidal current flowing southwestward along the northeast coast of the United States. This coastal current originates from part of the Labrador Current flowing clockwise around the southeastern tip of Newfoundland. Its speeds are fairly constant throughout the year and average about 0.6 knot. The greatest seasonal fluctuation appears to be in the width of the current. The current is widest during winter between Newfoundland and Cape Cod. Southwest of Cape Cod to Cape Hatteras the current shows very little seasonal change. The current narrows considerably during summer and flows closest to shore in the vicinity of Cape Sable, Nova Scotia and between Cape Cod and Long Island in July and August. The current in some places encroaches on tidal regions.

SKIFF

A small boat, traditionally a coastal or river craft, for leisure or fishing, with a single person or small crew. Sailing skiffs have developed into high performance competitive classes.

LIMAN

A shallow coastal lagoon or embayment with a muddy bottom; also a region of mud or slime deposited near a stream mouth.

LIMAN CURRENT

Formed by part of the Tsushima Current and river dis- charge in Tatar Strait, the coastal Liman Current flows southward in the western part of the Sea of Japan. During winter, it may reach as far sout

NATIONAL TIDAL DATUM CONTROL NETWORK

A network composed of the primary control tide stations of the National Ocean Service. This network of coastal observation stations provides the basic tidal datums for coastal boundaries and chart datums of the United States. Tidal datums obtained at secondary control tide stations and tertiary tide stations are referenced to the Network.

NAUTICAL CHART

A representation of a portion of the navigable waters of the earth and adjacent coastal areas on a specified map projection, designed specifically to meet requirements of marine navigation.

CANAL

1. An artificial waterway for navigation. 2. A long, fairly straight natural channel with steep sloping sides. 3. Any water- course or channel. 4. A sluggish coastal stream, as used locally on the Atlantic coast of the U.S.

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