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When a truck returning from a delivery has no return freight on the back haul, it is said to be in deadhead.

Related Terms


The charterer has the services of the vessel for a specified voyage or voyages, and cargo which he must normally load and discharge at his expense within a specified time (see Laytime) in return for freight calculated on an agreed rate per ton of cargo or as a lump sum. The owner pays expenses such as fuel, port charges, and running costs of the vessel.


The freight (goods, products) carried by a ship, barge, train, truck or plane.


Metal strip and lead fastener used for locking freight car or truck doors. Seals are numbered for record purposes.


The truck unit into which freight is loaded as in tractor trailer combination. See Container.


The act of calling for freight by truck at the consignor's shipping platform.


When more than one mode of transportation is used to ship cargo from origin to destination, it is called intermodal transportation. For example, boxes of hot sauce from Louisiana are stuffed into metal boxes called containers at the factory. That container is put onto a truck chassis (or a railroad flat car) and moved to a port. There the container is lifted off the vehicle and lifted onto a ship. At the receiving port, the process is reversed. Intermodal transportation uses few laborers and speeds up the delivery time.


Cost & freight (named port of destination);


A filter installed in a reservoir in series with a suction or return line. Also known as sump filter.


Sound, visual or other signal to a team ordering it to return to its base


The maximum degree of heel after which a vessel becomes unable to return to an upright position.

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