The blanking out or obscuring of weak radio signals by a stronger signal



Related Terms

EQUISIGNAL ZONE

The region in space within which the difference in amplitude of two radio signals (usually emitted by a signal station) is indistinguishable

INTERNATIONAL CALL SIGN

An alpha-numeric symbol assigned in accordance with the provisions of the International Telecommunications Union to identify a radio station. The nationality or the radio station is identified by the first three characters; also referred to as call letters or signal letters.

DOPPLER RADAR

Any form of radar which detects radial motion of a distant object relative to a radar apparatus by means of the change of the radio frequency of the echo signal due to motion.

ECHO RANGING

The determination of distance by measuring the time interval between transmission of a radiant energy signal and the return of its echo. Since echo ranging equipment is usually provided with means for determining direction as well as distance, both func- tions are generally implied. The expression is customarily applied only to ranging by utilization of the travel of sonic or ultrasonic signals through water. See also RADIO ACOUSTIC RANGING, SONAR.

FADING

The fluctuation in intensity or relative phase of any or all of the frequency components of a received radio signal due to changes in the characteristics of the propagation path. See also SELECTIVE FADING.

HOP

Travel of a radio wave to the ionosphere and back to earth. The number of hops a radio signal has experienced is usually designated by the expression one-hop, two-hop, multihop, etc

BLANKET

To blank out or obscure weak radio signals by a stronger signal

DISTANCE FINDING STATION

An attended light station or lightship emitting simultaneous radio and sound signals as a means of determining distance from the source of sound, by measuring the difference in the time of reception of the signals. The sound may be transmitted through either air or water or both and either from the same location as the radio signal or a location remote from it. Very few remain in use.

DISTRESS ALERT

A radio signal (GMDSS) from a distressed vessel automatically directed to a RCC giving position, identification, course and speed of the vessel as well as the nature of distress

PASSIVE SATELLITE

  1. A satellite which contains power source to augment the output signal (i.e., reflected only) as contrasted with ACTIVE SATELLITE; a satellite which is a passive reflector. 2. As defined by the International Telecommunications Union (ITU), an earth satellite intended to transmit radio communication signals by reflection.

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