A line of position determined by means of a celestial body

Related Terms

RESTRICTOR

A device for producing a deliberate pressure drop or resistance in a line by reducing the cross-sectional flow area.

GREENWICH HOUR ANGLE

Angular distance west of the Greenwich celestial meridian; the arc of the celestial equator, or the angle at the celestial pole, between the upper branch of the Greenwich celestial meridian and the hour circle of a point on the celestial sphere, measured westward from the Greenwich celestial meridian throug

GRID RHUMB LINE

A line making the same oblique angle with all grid meridians. Grid parallels and meridians may be considered special cases of the grid rhumb line.

HORIZON SYSTEM OF COORDINATES

A set of celestial coordinates based on the celestial horizon as the primary great circle; usually altitude and azimuth or azimuth angle.

HAND LEAD

A light sounding lead (7 to 14 pounds), usually having a line of not more than 25 fathoms

GROUND LOG

A device for determining the course and speed over the ground in shallow water consisting of a lead or weight attached to a line. The lead is thrown overboard and allowed to rest on the bottom. The course over ground is indicated by the direction the line tends and the speed by the amount of line paid out in a unit of time.

HELIOCENTRIC PARALLAX

The difference in the apparent direction or positions of a celestial body outside the solar system, as observed from the earth and sun. Also called STELLAR PARALLAX, ANNUAL PARALLAX

CASE DRAIN FILTER

A filter located in a line conducting fluid from a pump or motor housing to reservoir.

ELASTOHYDRODYNAMIC LUBRICATION

In rolling element bearings, the elastic deformation of the bearing (flattening) as it rolls, under load, in the bearing race. This momentary flattening improves the hydrodynamic lubrication properties by converting point or line contact to surface-to-surface contact.

GRID PARALLEL

A line parallel to a grid equator, connecting all points of equal grid latitude

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