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An instrument for measuring magnetic declination



Related Terms

DECLINATION VARIOMETER

An instrument that measures changes in the declination of the earth's magnetic field, consisting of a permanent bar magnet, usually about 0.4 inch (1 centimeter) long, suspended with a plane mirror from a fine quartz fiber 26 inches (515 centimeters) in length; a lens focuses to a point a beam of light reflected from the mirror to recording paper mounted on a rotating drum. Also known as D variometer.

CURLE BALANCE

An instrument for determining the susceptibility of weakly magnetic materials, in which the deflection produced by a strong permanent magnet on a suspended tube containing the specimen is measured.

MASS SPECTROSCOPE

An instrument used for determining the masses of atoms or molecules, in which a beam of ions is sent through a combination of electric and magnetic fields so arranged that the ions are deflected according to their masses.

CROSSED-FIELD DEVICE

Any instrument crossed-needle meter which uses the motion of electrons in perpendicular electric and magnetic fields to generate microwave radiation, either as an amplifier or oscillator.

GALVANOMETER

An instrument for measuring the magnitude of a small electric current or for detecting the presence or direction of such a current by means of motion of an indicator in a magnetic field.

AZIMUTH INSTRUMENT

An instrument for measuring azimuths, particularly a device which fits over a central pivot in the glass cover of a magnetic compass.

ELECTROKINETOGRAPH

An instrument used to measure ocean current velocities based on their electrical effects in the magnetic field of the earth.

HORIZONTAL MAGNETOMETER

A measuring instrument for ascertaining changes in the horizontal component of the magnetic field intensity.

DIP NEEDLE

A magnetic needle suspended so as to be free to rotate about a horizontal axis. An instrument using such a needle to measure magnetic dip is called a DIP CIRCLE. A dip needle with a sliding weight that can be moved along one of its arms to balance the magnetic force is called a HEELING ADJUSTER.

BEARING BAR

An instrument for measuring bearings, particularly a device consisting of a slender bar with a vane at each end, and designed to fit over a central pivot in the glass cover of a magnetic compass. See also AZIMUTH BAR.

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