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  1. An unmarked fathom point on a lead line. 2. A relatively small area of exceptional depth found in a depression of the ocean floor. The term is generally restricted to depths greater than 3,000 fathoms. If it is very limited in area, it is referred to as a HOLE. 3. A relatively deep channel in a strait or estuary.


Related Terms

SWEEPING

  1. The process of towing a line or object below the surface, to determine whether an area is free from isolated submerged dangers to vessels and to determine the position of any dangers that exist, or to determine the least depth of an area. 2. The process of clearing an area or channel of mines or other dangers to navigation.

CHANNEL

  1. The part of a body of water deep enough for navigation through an area otherwise not suitable. It is usually marked by a single or double line of buoys and sometimes by ranges. 2. The deepest part of a stream, bay, or strait, through which the main current flows. 3. A name given to certain large straits, such as the English Channel. 4. A hollow bed through which water may run. 5. A band of radio frequencies within which a radio station must maintain its modulated carrier frequency to prevent interference with stations on adjacent channels. Also called FREQUENCY CHANNEL.

DEPTH

The vertical distance from a given water level to the sea bottom. The charted depth is the vertical distance from the tidal datum to the bottom. The least depth in the approach or channel to an area, such as a port or anchorage, governing the maximum draft of vessels that can enter is called the controlling depth.

SOUND

  1. A relatively long arm of the sea or ocean forming a channel between an island and a mainland or connecting two larger bodies of water, as a sea and the ocean, or two parts of the same body but usually wider and more extensive than a strait. The term has been applied to many features which do not fit the accepted definition. Many are very large bodies of water such as Mississippi Sound and Prince William Sound, others are mere salt water ponds or small passages between islands. 2. A vibratory disturbance in air or some other elastic medium, capable of being heard by the human ear, and generally of a frequency between about 20 and 20,000 cycles per second.

DRAGGING

  1. The process of towing a wire or horizontally set bar below the surface, to determine the least depth in an area or to insure that a given area is free from navigational dangers to a certain depth. 2. The process of pulling along the bottom, as in dragging anchor.

LEAD

  1. A plummet or mass of lead attached to a line, used in sounding depth at sea.
  2. In former usage, to estimate velocity in knots.
  3. The direction a mooring line takes up while being handled or when made fast.

BATTERY

An electrochemical device that stores electric current, often specialised as a cranking battery (for starting the engine) and house battery (for powering lighting and utilities), the latter often being the deep cycle type (capable of repeated full discharge and recharge with minimal degradation). The traditional wet cell lead acid battery (with dilute sulphuric acid as the electrolyte) is being increasing replaced by the newer maintenance free gel cell batteries. Technological advances from lead acid batteries include alkaline (ni-cad) and lithium electrolyte based batteries.

OCEAN

  1. The major area of salt water covering the greater part of the earth. 2. One of the major divisions of the expanse of salt water covering the earth.

MIDSHIP SECTION AREA COEFFICIENT

(CM): The ratio of the immersed area of the midship section to the area of the circumscribing rectangle having a breadth equal to the breadth of the ship and a depth equal to the draught. CM = AM (B x T), CM values range from about 0.85 for fast ships to 0.99 for slow ships.

WAVE OF TRANSLATION

A wave in which the individual particles of the medium are shifted in the direction of wave travel, as ocean waves in shoal waters; in contrast with an OSCILLATORY WAVE, in which only the form advances, the individual particles moving in closed orbits, as ocean waves in deep water.

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