# INDUCED MAGNETISM

The magnetism acquired by soft iron while it is in a magnetic field. Soft iron will lose its induced magnetism when it is removed from a magnetic field. The strength and polarity of the induced magnetism will alter immediately as its magnetic latitude, or its orientation in a magnetic field, is changed. The induced mag- netism has an immediate effect upon the magnetic compass as the magnetic latitude or heading of a craft changes.

## Related Terms

### ARMATURE DEMAGNETIZATION

The reduction in the effective magnetic lines of force, produced by the armature current.

### AIR GAP

The space between magnetic poles, or between the rotating and stationary assemblies in a motor or generator.

### GYRO ERROR

The error in the reading of the gyrocompass, expressed in degrees east or west to indicate the direction in which the axis of the compass is offset from true north.

### HALVING

The process of adjusting magnetic compass correctors so as to remove half of the deviation on the opposite cardinal or adjacent intercardinal headings to those on which adjustment was originally made when all deviation was removed. This is done to equalize the error on opposite headings.

### HALVING

The process of adjusting magnetic compass correctors so as to remove half of the deviation on the opposite cardinal or adjacent intercardinal headings to those on which adjustment was originally made when all deviation was removed. This is done to equalize the error on opposite headings.

### HEELING MAGNET

A permanent magnet placed vertically in a tube under the center of a marine magnetic compass, to correct for heeling error.

### GRID MAGNETIC ANGLE

Angular difference in direction between grid north and magnetic north. It is measured east or west from grid north. Grid magnetic angle is sometimes called GRID VARIATION or GRIVATION.

### GYROCOMPASS

A compass having one or more gyroscopes as the directive element, and which is northseeking. Its operation depends upon four natural phenomena, namely gyroscopic inertia, gyroscopic precession, the earth's rotation, and gravity. When such a compass controls remote indicators, called GYRO REPEATERS, it is called a master gyrocompass.

### HARD IRON

Iron or steel which is not readily magnetized by induction, but which retains a high percentage of the magnetism acquired