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A cylindrical shell closed at both ends, designed to withstand internal pressure.

Related Terms

LONGITUDINAL SEAM

A riveted or welded seam along the longitudinal axis of a boiler shell or drum.

HULL

The shell and framework of the basic flotation-oriented part of a ship.

VALENCE ELECTRON

An electron in the outer shell of an atom that takes part in forming chemical bonds or in the flow of electrical current.

LONGITUDINALS

Fore-and-aft structural shape or plate members attached to the underside of decks, flats, or to the inner bottom, or on the inboard side of the shell plating.

MOLDED BEAM

The maximum breadth of a hull measured between the inboard surfaces of the side shell plating of flush-plated ships

BILGE STRAKE

Shell plates at the bilge area

DOUBLE BOTTOM

Compartments at the bottom of a ship between inner bottom and the shell plating, used for fresh water, ballast water, fuel oil, etc

BASELINE

A fore-and-aft reference line at the upper surface of the flat plate keel at the centerline for flush shell plated vessels. Vertical dimensions are measured from a horizontal plane through the baseline, often called the molded baseline.

GARBOARD STRAKE

The strake of bottom shell plating adjacent to the keel plate.

FLOOR

Vertical transverse plate immediately above the bottom shell plating, often located at every frame, extending from bilge to bilge.
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