# MAGNETIC EQUATOR

 The line on the surface of the earth connecting all points at which the magnetic dip is zero. Also called ACLINIC LINE.

## Related Terms

### MAGNETIC POLE

1. Either of the two places on the surface of the earth where the magnetic dip is 90°, that in the Northern Hemisphere being designated north magnetic pole, and that in the Southern Hemisphere being designated south magnetic pole. Also called MAGNETIC DIP POLE. See also MAGNETIC LATITUDE, GEOMAGNETIC POLE, MAGNETIC LATITUDE. 2. Either of those two points of a magnet where the magnetic force is greatest.

### ACLINIC LINE

The magnetic equator; the line on the surface of the earth connecting all points of zero magnetic dip.

### ACLINIC

Without magnetic dip

### MAGNETIC DIP

Angular distance between the horizontal and the direction of a line of force of the earth’s magnetic field at any point. Also called DIP, MAGNETIC INCLINATION.

### E EARTH INDUCTOR

A type of inclinometer that has a coil which rotates in the earth's field and in which a voltage is induced when the rotation axis does not coincide with the field direction; used to measure the dip angle of the earth's magnetic field. Also known as dip inductor; earth inductor compass; induction inclinometer.

### MAGNETIC LATITUDE

Angular distance north or south of the magnetic equator. The angle is equal to an angle, the tangent of which is equal to half the tangent of the magnetic dip at the point.

### GEOMETRICAL DIP

The vertical angle between the horizontal and a straight line tangent to the surface of the earth. It is larger than DIP by the amount of terrestrial refraction.

### DIP NEEDLE

A magnetic needle suspended so as to be free to rotate about a horizontal axis. An instrument using such a needle to measure magnetic dip is called a DIP CIRCLE. A dip needle with a sliding weight that can be moved along one of its arms to balance the magnetic force is called a HEELING ADJUSTER.

### BASE LINE

1. The reference used to position limits of the territorial sea and the contiguous zone.
2. One side of a series of connected survey triangles, the length of which is measured with prescribed accuracy and precision, and from which the lengths of the other triangle sides are obtained by computation. Important factors in the accuracy and precision of base measurements are the use of standardized invar tapes, controlled conditions of support and tension, and corrections for temperatures, inclination, and alignment. Base lines in triangulation are classified according to the character of the work they are intended to control, and the instruments and methods used in their measurement are such that prescribed probable errors for each class are not exceeded. These probable errors, expressed in terms of the lengths, are as follows: first order, 1 part in 1,000,000; second order, 1 part in 500,000; and third order, 1 part in 250,000.
3. The line along the surface of the earth between two radio navigation stations operating in conjunction for the determination of a line of position.

### GROUND MAGNETIC SURVEY

A determination of the magnetic field at the surface of the earth by means of ground-based instruments.

### Related questions

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