The strength of a magnetic field. Also called MAGNETIC INTENSITY.



Related Terms

COTTON BALANCE

A device which employs a current-carrying conductor of special shape to determine the strength of a magnetic field.

SHIELDING FACTOR

The ratio of the strength of the magnetic field at a compass to the strength if there were no disturbing material nearby; usually expressed as a decimal. Because of the metal of a vessel, the strength of the earth’s magnetic field is reduced somewhat at a compass location aboard ship. The shielding factor is one minus the percentage of reduction.

DEGAUSSING

Neutralization of the strength of the magnetic field of a vessel, using electric coils permanently installed in the vessel.

FLUX

A material used to prevent, dissolve, or facilitate removal of oxides and other undesirable surface substances. Also, the measure of the quantity of magnetism, taking into account the strength and extent of the magnetic field.

Functions Of Fluxes

Continuity of grain structure across a soldered or welded joint can only be obtained if the metals are brought into atomic contact, and this is not possible if the metals are coated with oxide layers, grease, corrosion products or other surface films. Mechanical cleaning can only remove the bulk of such surface films, some form of chemical cleaning being necessary to complete the cleaning operation. Fluxes perform some or all of the following functions:

They chemically clean the surfaces to be joined,

They prevent the formation of new oxide layers during the heating cycle of the joining process,

They assist the filler metal to run freely into the joint, and

They assist the "wetting" process by which surfaces alloying occurs.

AMPERE PER METER

The derived unit of magnetic field strength in the International System of Units

MAGNETIC INTENSITY

The strength of a magnetic field. Also called MAGNETIC FORCE.

MAGNETIC MERIDIAN

A line of horizontal magnetic force of the earth. A compass needle without deviation lies in the magnetic meridian.

VERTICAL INTENSITY OF THE EARTH’S MAGNETIC FIELD

The strength of the vertical component of the earth’s magnetic field.

MAGNETIC POLE

  1. Either of the two places on the surface of the earth where the magnetic dip is 90°, that in the Northern Hemisphere being designated north magnetic pole, and that in the Southern Hemisphere being designated south magnetic pole. Also called MAGNETIC DIP POLE. See also MAGNETIC LATITUDE, GEOMAGNETIC POLE, MAGNETIC LATITUDE. 2. Either of those two points of a magnet where the magnetic force is greatest.

HALL-EFFECT GAUSSMETER

A gaussmeter that consists of a thin piece of silicon or other semiconductor material which is inserted between the poles of a magnet to measure the magnetic field strength by means of the Hall effect.

Related questions

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