A disturbance in the earth’s magnetic field, associated with abnormal solar activity, and capable of seriously affecting both radio and wire transmission.



Related Terms

IONOSPHERIC STORM

An ionospheric disturbance characterized by wide variations from normal in the state of the ionosphere, such as turbulence in the F-region, absorption increase, height increase, and ionization density decreases. The effects are most marked in high magnetic latitudes and are associated with abnormal solar activity.

ELECTROMAGNET

A temporary magnet made of a ferromagnetic core wound with insulated wire through which is passed an electric current. The current flow through the windings causes a magnetic field to build that will attract magnetic material.

ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES

Waves of associated electric and magnetic fields characterized by variations of the fields. The electric and magnetic fields are at right angles to each other and to the direction of propagation. The waves are propagated at the speed of light and are known as radio (Hertzian) waves, infrared rays, light, ultraviolet rays, X-rays, etc., depending on their frequencies.

SUNSPOT

Dark spots on the sun’s surface. These spots are apparently magnetic in character and exert a disturbing influence on radio propagation on the earth.

LUNAR INEQUALITY

  1. Variation in the moon’s motion in its orbit, due to attraction by other bodies of the solar system. 2. A minute fluctuation of a magnetic needle from its mean position, caused by the moon.

AERIAL

A length of conducting wire that detects and/or over a band of similarly proportional radio wavelengths.

GRASSOT FLUXMETER

A type of fluxmeter in which a light coil of wire is suspended in a magnetic field in such a way that it can rotate; the ends of the suspended coil are connected to a search coil of known area penetrated by the magnetic flux to be measured; the flux is determined from the rotation of the suspended coil when the search coil is moved.

IONOSPHERIC DISTURBANCE

A sudden outburst of ultraviolet light on the sun, known as a SOLAR FLARE or CHROMOSPHERIC ERUP- TION, which produces abnormally high ionization in the region of the D-layer. The result is a sudden increase in radio wave absorption, with particular severity in the upper mediu

COMPENSATOR

  1. A corrector used in the compensation of a magnetic compass. 2. The part of a radio direction finder which applies all or part of the necessary correction to the direction indication.

SEA-AIR TEMPERATURE DIFFERENCE CORRECTION

A correction due to a difference in the temperature of the sea and air, particularly the sextant altitude correction caused by abnormal terrestrial refraction occur- ring when there is a nonstandard density lapse rate in the atmosphere due to a difference in the temperature of the water and air at the surface.

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