The determination of the constituents of a gaseous mixture.


Related Terms

CARBON

A non-metallic element - No. 6 in the periodic table. Diamonds and graphite are pure forms of carbon. Carbon is a constituent of all organic compounds. It also occurs in combined form in many inorganic substances; i.e., carbon dioxide, limestone, etc.

MIXTURE PHASE

In this document, “phase” is used in the sense of one constituent in a mixture of several. In particular, the term refers to either oil, gas or water in a mixture of any number of the three.

INTEGRATED NAVIGATION SYSTEM

A navigation system which comprises two or more positioning systems combined in such manner as to achieve performance better than each constituent system.

ASTRE FICTIF

Any of several fictitious stars which are assumed to move along the celestial equator at uniform rates corresponding to the speeds of the several harmonic constituents of the tide producing force. Each astre fictif crosses the meridian at a time corresponding to the maximum of the constituent that it represents.

AUGMENTING FACTOR

A factor used in connection with the harmonic analysis of tides or tidal currents to allow for the difference between the times of hourly tabulation and the corresponding constituent hours

LONG PERIOD CONSTITUENT

A tidal or tidal current constituent with a period that is independent of the rotation of the earth but which depends upon the orbital movement of the moon or of the earth. The princi- pal lunar long period constituents have periods approximating the month and half-month, and the principal solar long period constituents have periods approximating the year and half-year.

COMPOUND TIDE

A tidal constituent with a speed equal to the sum or difference of the speeds of two or more elementary constituents. Compound tides are usually the result of shallow water

CONSTITUENT

One of the harmonic elements in a mathematical expres- sion for the tide-producing force and in corresponding formulas for the tide or tidal current. Each constituent represents a periodic change or variation in the relative positions of the earth, moon, and sun. Also called HARMONIC CONSTITUENT, TIDAL CONSTITUENT, COMPONENT.

EPOCH

1. A particular instant of time or a date for which values of data, which vary with time, are given. 2. A given period of time during which a series of related acts or events takes place. 3. Angular retardation of the maximum of a constituent of the observed tide behind the corresponding maximum of the same constituent of the hypothetical equilibrium. Also called PHASE LAG, TIDAL EPOCH. 4. As used in tidal datum determinations, a 19-year Metonic cycle over which tidal height observations are meaned in order to establish the various datums.

EQUILIBRIUM ARGUMENT

The theoretical phase of a constituent of the equilibrium tide

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