A cylindrical map projection upon a cylinder tangent to the ellipsoid produced by perspective projection from the ellipsoid’s center. The geographic meridians are represented by a family of equally spaced parallel straight lines, perpendicular to a second family of parallel straight lines which represent the geographic parallels of latitude. The spacing, with respect to the equator of the lines which represent the parallels of latitude, increases as the tangent function of the latitude; the line representing 90° latitude is at an infinite distance from the line which represents the equator. Not to be confused with MERCATOR MAP PROJECTION to which it bears a general resemblance.
Related Terms 
RESTRICTOR
A device for producing a deliberate pressure drop or resistance in a line by reducing the crosssectional flow area.

MOMENT OF INERTIA
The quantity obtained by multiplying the mass of each small part of a body by the square of its distance from an axis, and adding all the results.

GREENWICH HOUR ANGLE
Angular distance west of the Greenwich celestial meridian; the arc of the celestial equator, or the angle at the celestial pole, between the upper branch of the Greenwich celestial meridian and the hour circle of a point on the celestial sphere, measured westward from the Greenwich celestial meridian throug

GRID RHUMB LINE
A line making the same oblique angle with all grid meridians. Grid parallels and meridians may be considered special cases of the grid rhumb line.

HAND LEAD
A light sounding lead (7 to 14 pounds), usually having a line of not more than 25 fathoms

HARPOON LOG
A log which consists of a rotator and distance registering device combined in a single unit, which is towed through the water. The TAFFRAIL LOG is similar except that the registering device is located at the taffrail, with only the rotator in the water.

GROUND LOG
A device for determining the course and speed over the ground in shallow water consisting of a lead or weight attached to a line. The lead is thrown overboard and allowed to rest on the bottom. The course over ground is indicated by the direction the line tends and the speed by the amount of line paid out in a unit of time.

CASE DRAIN FILTER
A filter located in a line conducting fluid from a pump or motor housing to reservoir.

ELASTOHYDRODYNAMIC LUBRICATION
In rolling element bearings, the elastic deformation of the bearing (flattening) as it rolls, under load, in the bearing race. This momentary flattening improves the hydrodynamic lubrication properties by converting point or line contact to surfacetosurface contact.

LAMINAR FLOW
A flow situation in which fluid moves in parallel lamina or layers.
