# SMALL CIRCLE

The intersection of a sphere and plane which does not pass through its center.

## Related Terms

### POINT OF FROG

The place of intersection of the gage lines of the main track and a turnout.

### PERPENDICULAR AXIS THEOREM

Atheorem which states that the sum of the moments of inertia of a plane lamina about any two perpendicular axes in the plane of the lamina is equal to the moment of inertia about an axis through their intersection perpendicular to the lamina.

### INTERSECTION ANGLE

The angle of deflection at the intersection point between the straights of a railway or highway curve.

### INTERSECTION

1. A point of junction or crossing of two or more roadways. 2. A surveying method in which a plane table is used alternately at each end of a measured baseline.

### CHINE

The intersection of the middle and sides of a boat

### HORIZON

The great circle of the celestial sphere midway between the zenith and nadir, or a line resembling or approximating such a circle. The line where earth and sky appear to meet, and the projection of this line upon the celestial sphere, is called the visible or apparent horizon. A line resembling the visible horizon but above or below it is called a false horizon. The circle of the celestial sphere-formed by the intersection of the celestial sphere and a plane perpendicular to the zenith-nadir line is called sensible horizon if the plane is through any point, such as the eye of an observer; geoidal horizon if through any sea-level point; and celestial or rational horizon if through the center of the earth. The geometrical horizon was originally considered identi- cal with the celestial horizon, but the expression is now more commonly used to refer to the intersection of the celestial

### HIGH WATER LINE

1. The intersection of the land with the water surface at an elevation of high water. 2. The line along the shore to which the waters normally reach at high water

### HARD CHINE

An abrupt intersection between the hull side and the hull bottom of a boat so constructed.

### LINE OF NODES

The straight line connecting the two points of intersection of the orbit of a planet, planetoid, or comet and the ecliptic; or the line of intersection of the planes of the orbits of a satellite and the equator of its primary.

### APERTURE

1. An opening; particularly, the opening in the front of a camera through which light rays pass when a picture is taken. 2. The diameter of the objective of a telescope or other optical instrument, usually expressed in inches, but sometimes as the angle between lines from the principal focus to opposite ends of a diameter of the or a this line represents the intersection of the appropriate datum with the outer limits of vegetation and appears to the navigator as the shoreline

### Related questions

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